European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

, Volume 77, Issue 6, pp 1125–1136 | Cite as

Non-biocide antifungal and anti-termite wood preservation treatments based on combinations of thermal modification with different chemical additives

  • Mahdi Mubarok
  • Stéphane Dumarcay
  • Holger Militz
  • Kévin Candelier
  • Marie France Thévenon
  • Philippe GérardinEmail author


The synergic effect between a mild chemical and thermal modification of beech wood (Fagus sylvatica) has been studied. A low concentration of additives based on vinylic-polyglycerol, vinylic-glycerol, and maleic anhydride was impregnated into beech wood, followed by curing under different temperature conditions at 103, 150, 200, and 220 °C. The modified wood was then analyzed for its leaching resistance, dimensional stability, wettability, modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR) in bending, decay resistance against Trametes versicolor, and termite resistance against Reticulitermes flavipes. Results have disclosed a synergic effect of thermo-chemical wood modification under 200 and 220 °C curing conditions. At these curing temperatures, thermo-chemically modified beech presents improved dimensional stability (> 60%) and better resistance against both Trametes versicolor and Reticulitermes flavipes compared to the control. However, at the same conditions, MOE and MOR values were lowered by approximately 25% and 60%, respectively.



LERMAB is supported by a grant overseen by the French National Research Agency (ANR) as part of the “Investissements d’Avenir” program (ANR-11-LABX-0002-01. Lab of Excellence ARBRE). The authors gratefully acknowledge the Lab of Excellence ARBRE for the PhD grant of the first author Mahdi MUBAROK through the financial support of VALBEECH program between France and Germany.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculté des Sciences et TechnologiesUniversité de Lorraine, Inra, EA 4370 USC 1445 LERMABVandoeuvre-lès-Nancy CedexFrance
  2. 2.Wood Biology and Wood Product, Faculty of ForestryGöttingen UniversityGöttingenGermany
  3. 3.CIRAD, UPR BioWooEBMontpellierFrance
  4. 4.BioWooEB, Université de Montpellier, CIRADMontpellierFrance

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