European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

, Volume 75, Issue 6, pp 927–938 | Cite as

Moisture-dependent orthotropic elasticity and strength properties of Chinese fir wood

  • Jiali Jiang
  • Erik Valentine Bachtiar
  • Jianxiong Lu
  • Peter Niemz


Elastic and strength properties are very important material characteristics in mechanical modelling. Due to the anisotropic and hygroscopic nature of wood, a characterization of wood mechanical behavior will require knowledge of its moisture-dependent properties in relation to the three principal axes of anisotropy. The influence of moisture content (MC) on the elastic and strength anisotropy of Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata [Lamb.] Hook) wood was examined in the present study. Selected parameters, including the anisotropic Young’s moduli, shear moduli, Poisson’s ratios, yield and ultimate stress values in the longitudinal, radial and tangential directions, were determined in compression and tension tests at different moisture conditions. The results indicated that a distinct moisture dependency is exhibited for the elastic and strength behavior of Chinese fir wood. With the exception of some Poisson’s ratios, all investigated elastic and strength parameters were shown to decrease with increasing MC, whereby individual moduli and strength values were affected by the MC to different degrees. The two- and three-dimensional representation of the compliance matrix and the two-dimensional visualization of a yield surface give a valuable overview on the moisture-dependent elastic and strength anisotropy of Chinese fir wood.


Moisture Content Digital Image Correlation Tension Test Equilibrium Moisture Content Ultimate Stress 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31570548). J.J. would like to gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the China Scholarship Council (CSC). Special thanks go to Franco Michel and Thomas Schnider for their help during specimen preparation and their expert assistance in conducting the measurements.

Compliance with ethical standards

All authors have approved this version of the article and agreed for its submission in your journal. The manuscript has not been published previously, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. In addition, the authors declare that they fulfill all the ethical responsibilities required by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiali Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Erik Valentine Bachtiar
    • 2
  • Jianxiong Lu
    • 1
  • Peter Niemz
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Tree Genetics and BreedingResearch Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of ForestryBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute for Building Materials, ETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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