European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

, Volume 75, Issue 5, pp 729–738 | Cite as

Finite element simulations of the loading and deformation of plywood seat shells

  • Srečko Vratuša
  • Mirko Kariž
  • Nadir Ayrilmis
  • Manja Kitek Kuzman


Modern 3D modelling software reduces the need for a large number of prototypes, means fewer product-development cycles and lower costs (time/cost), as well as improving the quality of furniture designs. However, the mechanical testing of final products is still required in order to confirm the simulation results. In this study the theoretical behaviors of different plywood seating shells (using the SolidWorks® FEM simulation software) were compared with the real results obtained using tests to measure the deformation of the backrest. The deviations of the actual deformation from the simulation were significant for the different shells and increased with loading above the elastic deformation limit of the material. It was concluded that the SolidWorks® simulation software could be effectively used in the calculation of the component displacements, strains, and stresses of seat designs subject to internal and external loads.


Finite Element Method Shell Type Corner Joint Wood Joint Structural Analysis Software 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The research was funded by the Slovenian Research Agency, program P4-0015 and the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport RS in the frame of the WoodWisdom-Net project W3B Wood Believe. We thank Slavko Rudolf for help in laboratory, Michael Burnard for the language editing, as well as the editors and reviewers for their helpful comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Srečko Vratuša
    • 1
  • Mirko Kariž
    • 2
  • Nadir Ayrilmis
    • 3
  • Manja Kitek Kuzman
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of ArchitectureUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  2. 2.Department of Wood Science and Technology, Biotechnical FacultyUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.Department of Wood Mechanics and Technology, Forestry FacultyIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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