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HNO

, Volume 53, Issue 11, pp 995–1010 | Cite as

Schlafbezogene Atmungsstörungen

Schlafanamnesebögen und klinische Befunderhebung im Rahmen der Stufendiagnostik
  • Y. FischerEmail author
  • A. Neagos
  • W. Pirsig
Weiterbildung · Zertifizierte Fortbildung

Zusammenfassung

Schlafbezogene Atmungsstörungen (SBAS) betreffen etwa 8% der Bevölkerung im erwerbstätigen Alter. Mit 20 Jahren schnarchen etwa 10% der erwachsenen Bevölkerung, ab dem 60. Lebensjahr etwa 50% der Männer. Neun Prozent der Frauen und 24% der Männer im mittleren Lebensalter haben einen Apnoe-Hypopnoe-Index (AHI) von >5 (Anzahl der nächtlichen Apnoen und Hypopnoen pro Stunde Schlaf). Zwei Prozent der Frauen und 4% der Männer erfüllen die Minimalkriterien für ein Schlaf-Apnoe-Hypopnoe-Syndrom (OSAHS), d. h. sie haben einen AHI >5 verbunden mit dem Symptom Tagesschläfrigkeit. Als fördernd in der Evaluation schlafbezogener Atmungsstörungen hat sich das Angebot von Hilfsmitteln wie Formblättern, Checklisten, Kurzfassungen oder patientenlesbaren Fragebögen erwiesen.

Schlüsselwörter

Schlaf-Apnoe-Hypopnoe-Syndrom (OSAHS) Schnarchen Schlafstörungen Fragebögen Evaluation 

Sleep-related breathing disorders

Sleep anamnesis questionnaire and determination of clinical results within the framework of staged diagnostics

Abstract

Sleep-related breathing disorders (SBAS) affect approximately 8% of the population of middle aged adults. At the age of 20 years, approximately 10% of the population snore, while at the age of 60 about 50% of men snore. Some 9% of middle aged women and 24% of middle aged men have an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) of >5 (number of nocturnal apnea and hypopnea per hour of sleep). Sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome is found in 2% of the women and 4% of the men, i.e. they have an AHI>5 associated with daytime sleepiness. Forms, check lists, summaries and patient-readable questionnaires have proved helpful in the evaluation of SBAS.

Keywords

Sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) Snoring Sleep disturbances Questionnaires Evaluation 

Notes

Interessenkonflikt:

Keine Angaben

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universitätsklinik und Hochschulambulanz für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-HeilkundeUlm
  2. 2.Ulm
  3. 3.Klinik und Hochschulambulanz für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-HeilkundeUniversitätsklinik UlmUlm

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