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Der Chirurg

, Volume 89, Issue 7, pp 563–574 | Cite as

Therapie des Chylothorax

  • M. Schirren
  • S. Sponholz
  • J. Schirren
CME
  • 472 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Der Chylothorax ist eine seltene, aber wichtige Form des Pleuraergusses. Er ist in der Regel postoperativen oder neoplastischen Ursprungs. Zur Behandlung des Chylothorax existieren keine prospektiven oder randomisierten Studien. Basismaßnahmen beim Chylothorax beinhalten die Drainage des Ergusses sowie diätetische Maßnahmen. Vorrangig wird der Chylothorax konservativ therapiert. Beim Versagen der konservativen Therapiemaßnahmen kommen interventionell-radiologische und chirurgische Prozeduren zur Anwendung. Der Chylothorax hat eine hohe Morbidität und Mortalität.

Schlüsselwörter

Differenzialdiagnosen Chylöser Erguss Ductus thoracicus Chirurgische Komplikation Duktusligatur 

Treatment of chylothorax

Abstract

Chylothorax is an infrequent but important form of pleural effusion. The most common causes are of postoperative and neoplastic origin. No prospective or randomized trials have been performed to evaluate the available treatment options for chylothorax. The basic principles of conservative treatment include drainage of the effusion and dietary measures. Chylothorax is typically treated conservatively. In the case of failure of conservative treatment, interventional radiological or surgical procedures are applied. Untreated chylothorax has a high morbidity and mortality.

Keywords

Differential diagnosis Chylous effusion Thoracic duct Surgery complications Duct ligation 

Notes

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

M. Schirren, S. Sponholz und J. Schirren geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine von den Autoren durchgeführten Studien an Menschen oder Tieren.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinik für Thoraxchirurgie, AGAPLESION Markus Krankenhaus Frankfurt am MainAkademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt am MainDeutschland

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