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Smoking status and outcomes in patients with rib fractures

  • Ceri Elisabeth BattleEmail author
Letter to the Editor
  • 25 Downloads

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that they have no conflict of interest.

References

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    Grigorian A, Lekawa M, Dolich M, Schubl SD, Doben AR, Kuza CM, Barrios C, Nahmias J. Smoking is associated with an improved short-term outcome in patients with rib fractures. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2019.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01152-y.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Battle CE, Hutchings H, Evans PA. Risk factors that predict mortality in patients with blunt chest wall trauma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Injury. 2012;43(1):8–17.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2011.01.004.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Ali SF, Smith EE, Bhatt DL, Fonarow GC, Schwamm LH. Paradoxical association of smoking with in-hospital mortality among patients admitted with acute ischemic stroke. J Am Heart Assoc. 2013;2(3):e000171.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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    Bell TM, Bayt DR, Zarzaur BL. “Smoker’s Paradox” in patients treated for severe injuries: lower risk of mortality after trauma observed in current smokers. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015;17(12):1499–504.  https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntv02.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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    Battle CE, James K, Hutchings H, Evans P. Risk factors for the development of complications in blunt chest wall trauma: a retrospective study. Injury. 2013;44:1171–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Battle CE, Hutchings H, Lovett S, Bouamra O, Jones S, Sen A, Gagg J, Robinson D, Hartford-Beynon J, Williams J, Evans PA. Predicting outcomes after blunt chest wall trauma: development and external validation of a new prognostic model. Crit Care. 2014;18:R98.  https://doi.org/10.1186/cc13873.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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    Battle CE, Hutchings H, Evans PA. Expert opinion of the risk factors for morbidity and mortality in blunt chest wall trauma: Results of a national postal questionnaire survey in the United Kingdom. Injury. 2013;44:56–59.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physiotherapy DepartmentSwansea Bay University Health Board, Morriston HospitalSwanseaUK

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