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Critical incident reporting systems (CIRS) in trauma patients may identify common quality problems

  • Matthias NiemeierEmail author
  • Uwe Hamsen
  • Emre Yilmaz
  • Thomas A. Schildhauer
  • Christian Waydhas
Original Article
  • 17 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Critical incident reporting systems (CIRS) are considered to be a valid instrument to identify typical errors in various clinical settings as well as in prehospital emergency medicine. Our aim was to review incidents and errors in the care of trauma patients during the period of emergency trauma room treatment before their transfer to the intensive care unit or the operation room.

Methods

We screened six open access and German language-based CIRS-platforms on the internet.

Results

We identified 78 critical incidents. They could be divided into four groups: organization related (n = 30), communication related (n = 6), equipment related (n = 28), and medical error (n = 23). Within the category, typical, common, or frequent clusters were identified, such as incomplete trauma team, malfunctioning equipment, or a lack of communication skills. In 12 cases (15.4%), patients were reported to have been harmed, mostly by medical errors. Three reported incidents (3.6%) were considered near-incidents.

Conclusions

Our results demonstrate that using CIRS is able to reveal individual or rare errors and allows for the identification of systematic errors and deficiencies in the acute care of trauma patients in the trauma room. This may guide quality control and quality improvement measures to be focused on the most common fields of demand.

Keywords

CIRS Trauma Polytrauma Critical incident 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Ms. Katherine Noelle Brooks (University of Seattle, 550 17th Ave, 98122 Seattle, WA, USA) for language revision.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Matthias Niemeier, Uwe Hamsen, Emre Yilmaz, Thomas Armin Schildhauer and Christian Waydhas declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

68_2019_1128_MOESM1_ESM.docx (30 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 29 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Berufsgenossenschaftliches Universitätsklinikum Bergmannsheil GmbHBochumGermany
  2. 2.Swedish Neuroscience Institute, Swedish Medical Center, SeattleSeattleUSA
  3. 3.Medizinische Fakultät der Universität Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany

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