Impact of pelvic fractures on the early clinical outcomes of severely injured trauma patients
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Pelvic fractures contribute to morbidity and mortality following injury. We sought to study the impact of pelvic fractures on the clinical course and outcomes of trauma patients with a pelvic fracture in comparison to patients with similar injury severity without pelvic fracture to identify potential parameters to track patients’ clinical course post-injury.
A cohort of 206 consecutive blunt trauma survivors, studied over a 5-year period in a level I trauma center of which 75 patients (36.4%) had a pelvic fracture, was included in the study. To perform a retrospective cohort study with matched controls, 60 patients of the pelvic fracture group [(PF), 41 males and 19 females; age: 40 ± 17; injury severity score (ISS): 26.6 ± 9.3] were compared to 60 patients without pelvic fracture (non-PF) trauma as controls (41 males and 19 females; age: 40 ± 13; ISS: 26.9 ± 7.7), both with matching age (±5 years), sex, and ISS (±5 points).
Statistically significant differences were observed in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS), total LOS, and Marshall MOD score between PF and non-PF groups, respectively. Acid–base markers such as pH, lactate, LDH, and base deficit were all significantly altered in PF compared to non-PF cohort upon admission. Moreover, our analysis showed significant differences in inflammatory biomarkers (Prolactin, CRP, and IL-6), and clinical parameters (CPK, Hgb, Platelets count, and WBC) over the 7-day clinical course in patients with PF when compared to non-PF cohort.
In this matched cohort, patients with pelvic fractures exhibited biochemical and physiological alterations upon admission. Furthermore, our results suggest that pelvic fracture affects the clinical outcomes in severely injured patients, independently of injury severity, mechanism of injury, age or gender.
KeywordsTrauma Injury Pelvic fracture Damage control Clinical outcomes Clinical parameters
Abbreviated injury scale
Injury severity score
Intensive care unit
Length of stay
Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
Advanced trauma life support
Compliance with ethical standards
This study was approved by the University of Aachen Medical Center Institutional Review Board. The work was performed in accordance with internationally accepted ethical standards.
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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