Pedicle screw augmentation in osteoporotic spine: indications, limitations and technical aspects
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The need for spinal instrumented fusion in osteoporotic patients is rising. In this review, we try to give an overview of the current spectrum of pedicle screw augmentation techniques, safety aspects and indications.
Review of literature and discussion of indications, limitations and technical aspects.
Various studies have shown higher failure rates in osteoporotic patients, most probably due to reduced bone quality and a poor bone-screw interface. Augmentation of pedicle screws with bone cement, such as polymethylmethacrylate or calcium based cements, is one valid option to enhance fixation if required.
Crucial factors for success in the use of augmented screws are careful patient selection, a proper technique and choice of the ideal cement augmentation option.
KeywordsOsteoporosis Spine Pedicle screw Surgery Cement augmentation Vertebroplasty
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Sven Hoppe and Marius J.B. Keel declare that they have no conflict of interest .
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