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Utility of complete trauma series radiographs in alert pediatric patients presenting to Emergency Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital

  • T. Alam Khan
  • Y. Jamil Khattak
  • M. AwaisEmail author
  • A. Alam Khan
  • Y. Husen
  • N. Nadeem
  • A. Rehman
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the utility of trauma series radiographs in the management of alert pediatric patients with traumatic injury and to ascertain whether it is necessary to acquire the entire trauma series in these children.

Methods

A total of 176 consecutive children below the age of 15 years and having Glasgow Coma Scale score greater than 12, who presented to the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital with a history of recent trauma, were retrospectively reviewed. All the children had undergone a thorough clinical examination followed by complete trauma series radiographs, according to the American College of Surgery guidelines.

Results

A total of 558 radiographs were reviewed by a consultant pediatric radiologist including 528 trauma series radiographs and 30 additional radiographs. Among the trauma series radiographs, 35 (6.63 %) had evidence of injury; 24 (4.54 %) and 11 (2.08 %) involving the chest and pelvic regions, respectively. All children with normal physical examination had normal cervical spine and chest radiographs. Among the 11 positive pelvic X-rays, only two had radiological signs of injury in the absence of localizing physical signs, and all these children were less than 3 years of age. In all the remaining cases, children had localizing signs on physical examination. Out of the 30 additional X-rays, 27 (90 %) had radiological evidence of injury.

Conclusions

The routine use of entire radiological trauma series in alert pediatric patients with a normal physical examination has a very low yield. In these children, the localizing signs and symptoms can help us in determining the specific radiological examination to be utilized.

Keywords

Wounds and injuries Thoracic radiography Spinal injuries Thoracic injuries Physical examination Child 

Notes

Conflict of interest

Dr TA Khan has no conflict of interest to disclose. Dr YJ Khattak has nothing to disclose. Dr M Awais has no conflict of interest relevant to this article to disclose. Dr AA Khan has no conflict of interest to disclose. Dr Y Husen has nothing to disclose. Dr N Nadeem has no conflict of interest to disclose. Dr A Rehman has no conflict of interest relevant to this article to disclose.

Ethical standards

The study was approved by the Ethics Review Committee of the institution and was performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Alam Khan
    • 1
  • Y. Jamil Khattak
    • 1
  • M. Awais
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Alam Khan
    • 2
  • Y. Husen
    • 3
  • N. Nadeem
    • 3
  • A. Rehman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyAga Khan University HospitalKarachiPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Biological & Biomedical SciencesAga Khan UniversityKarachiPakistan
  3. 3.Section of Pediatrics, Department of RadiologyAga Khan University HospitalKarachiPakistan

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