Trauma Associated with Cardiac Conduction Abnormalities: Population-Based Perspective, Mechanism and Review of Literature
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- Ismailov, R.M. Eur J Trauma (2010) 36: 227. doi:10.1007/s00068-009-9096-y
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Various cardiac conduction abnormalities have been described as being a result of trauma in many case reports. The aim of this research was to look at the association between trauma (thoracic and cardiac) and conduction abnormalities in a large hospitalized population.
Cases diagnosed with trauma and various cardiac conduction disorders were identified based on ICD-9-CM discharge diagnoses from 986 acute general hospitals across 33 states in 2001.
Independent of potential confounding factors, discharge for blunt cardiac injury (BCI) was associated with a threefold increased risk for cardiac conduction abnormalities (95% confidence interval 2.45–4.51) during hospitalization in 2001. Both BCI and thoracic trauma had a significant association with right bundle branch block (RBBB) in this study (OR 6.04; 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.77–9.67 and OR 1.75; 95% CI 1.38–2.23 respectively).
The results of this study demonstrate the impact of trauma on cardiac conduction abnormalities. This study represents an attempt to consider a mechanism of a complex traumatic cardiac event from a population-based perspective, and may improve the prognosis for patients diagnosed with cardiac or thoracic injuries.