A Comparison of the Kampala Trauma Score (KTS) with the Revised Trauma Score (RTS), Injury Severity Score (ISS) and the TRISS Method in a Ugandan Trauma Registry
The public health significance of injuries that occur in developing countries is now recognized. In 1996, as part of the injury surveillance registry in Kampala, Uganda, a new score, the Kampala Trauma Score (KTS) was instituted. The KTS, developed in light of the limited resource base of sub-Saharan Africa, is a simplified composite of the Revised Trauma Score (RTS) and the Injury Severity Score (ISS) and closely resembles the Trauma Score and Injury Severity Score (TRISS).
Patients and Methods:
The KTS was applied retrospectively to a cohort of prospectively accrued urban trauma patients with the RTS, ISS and TRISS calculated. Using ROC (receiver operating characteristics) analysis, logistic regression models and sensitivity and specificity cutoff analysis, the KTS was compared to these three scores.
Using logistic regression models and areas under the ROC curve, the RTS proved a more robust predictor of death at 2 weeks in comparison to the KTS. However, differences in screening performance were marginal (areas under the ROC curves were 87% for the RTS and 84% for the KTS) with statistical significance only reached for an improved specificity (67% vs. 47%; p < 0.001), at a fixed sensitivity of 90%. In addition, the KTS predicted hospitalization at 2 weeks more accurately.
The KTS statistically performs comparably to the RTS and ISS alone as well as to the TRISS but has the added advantage of utility. Therefore, the KTS has potential as a triage tool in resource-poor and similar health care settings.
Key WordsTrauma registries Severity scores Developing countries
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