Strahlentherapie und Onkologie

, Volume 188, Supplement 2, pp 198–211 | Cite as

Guideline for the clinical application, documentation and analysis of clinical studies for regional deep hyperthermia

Quality management in regional deep hyperthermia
  • G. Bruggmoser
  • S. Bauchowitz
  • R. Canters
  • H. Crezee
  • M. Ehmann
  • J. Gellermann
  • U. Lamprecht
  • N. Lomax
  • M.B. Messmer
  • O. Ott
  • S. Abdel-Rahman
  • M. Schmidt
  • R. Sauer
  • A. Thomsen
  • R. Wessalowski
  • G. van Rhoon



These guidelines contain recommendations for the implementation of quality-assured hyperthermia treatments. The objective is to guarantee an internationally comparable and easily understandable method for hyperthermia treatment and for the subsequent scientific analysis of the treatment results. The guidelines describe “regional deep hyperthermia” (RHT) and MR-controlled “partial body hyperthermia” (PBH) of children, adolescents and adult patients. Hyperthermia in terms of these guidelines is defined as a treatment combining chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.


These guidelines are based on practical experience from several hyperthermia centres in Europe. Our collaborative effort has ensured coordinated standards and quality control procedures in regional deep and partial body hyperthermia. The guidelines were developed by the Atzelsberg Research Group of the IAH ( of the German Cancer Society (“Deutsche Krebsgesellschaft”) to specifically ensure that the multi-institutional studies initiated by the Atzelsberg Research Group are executed following a single, uniform level of quality.


The guidelines contain recommendations for procedural methods for treatment using hyperthermia. They commence with diagnosis, which is followed by preparation and treatment and concludes with standardised analysis for the reporting of results.


Hyperthermia Radiation Chemotherapy Hyperthermia side effects 



Equivalent minutes at 43 °C


Complete tumour response


Computer tomography

CTCAE v4.03

Common toxicity criteria adverse events


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Radioonkologie


Disease-free survival


Electric field


European Society of Hyperthermic Oncology


Finite element




Hypertext transfer protocol


Computer hyperthermia planning


Interdisciplinary working group


Local event-free survival


Local tumour progression


German Medizinprodukte Gesetz


Magnetic resonance


Magnetic resonance imaging


Magnetic resonance tomography


Technician in radiology (“Medizinisch Technischer Radiologie Assistant”)


Overall survival




Partial body hyperthermia


Positron emission tomography


Proton resonance frequency


Planning target volume


Quality management in hyperthermia (defined in this guideline)


Response evaluation criteria in solid tumors


Regional hyperthermia


Rotterdam Hyperthermia Thermal Modulator


Radiation Therapy Oncology Group


Specific absorption rate


Time to progression



Leitlinie für die klinische Applikation, die Dokumentation und die Analyse klinischer Studien bei der regionalen Tiefenhyperthermie

Qualitätsmanagement bei der regionalen Tiefenhyperthermie



Diese Leitlinie enthält Empfehlungen zur Durchführung von qualitätsgesicherten Hyperthermiebehandlungen. Ziel ist, ein vergleichbares und nachvollziehbares Vorgehen bei der Behandlung und der wissenschaftlichen Auswertung der Hyperthermie zu gewährleisten. Die Leitlinie beschreibt die „Regionale Tiefenhyperthermie“ (RHT) und die „MR-kontrollierte Teilkörperhyperthermie“ (PBH) von Kindern, Jugendlichen und erwachsenen Patienten. Die Hyperthermie im Sinne dieser Leitlinie wird als Kombinationsbehandlung mit einer Chemo- und/oder Strahlentherapie durchgeführt.


Die vorgestellte Leitlinie basiert auf praktischen Erfahrungen von mehreren Hyperthermiezentren. Dieses Vorgehens erlaubt gemeinsam abgestimmte Standards in der Anwendung und der Qualitätskontrolle in der Hyperthermie für Studien, die im Rahmen des Atzelsberger Arbeitskreises in der Interdisziplinären Arbeitsgruppe Hyperthermie ( in der Deutschen Krebsgesellschaft und dem Technischen Komitee der „European Society for Hyperthermic Oncology“ (ESHO) entwickelt wurden, um sicher zu stellen, dass multizentrische Studien, die vom Atzelsberger Arbeitskreis entwickelt wurden, nach einem standardisierten, einheitlichen Qualitätsmaßstab durchgeführt werden.


Diese Leitlinie enthält Empfehlungen für das Vorgehen bei Hyperthermiebehandlungen von der Indikationsstellung, der Vorbereitung, der Durchführung bis zur standardisierten Auswertung.

Die deutschsprachige Version des Beitrags ist auf SpringerLink unter „Supplemental“ zu finden.


Hyperthermie Bestrahlung Chemotherapie Hyperthermienebenwirkungen 



The authors thank the members of the Atzelsberg Clinical Circle of the IAH for their constructive comments and their continuous stimulation to prepare the quality assurance document for regional deep hyperthermia.

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states the following: the authors have no financial interest in any company selling hyperthermia treatment and planning equipment. The opinion of the authors is solely based upon the available scientific knowledge and their personal experience in the clinical application of hyperthermia.

Supplementary material

66_2012_176_MO1_ESM.pdf (1.2 mb)
Deutsche Version "Leitlinie für die klinische Applikation, die Dokumentation und die Analyse klinischer Studien bei der regionalen Tiefenhyperthermie" (PDF 1,9 MB)


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Copyright information

© Urban & Vogel 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Bruggmoser
    • 1
  • S. Bauchowitz
    • 2
  • R. Canters
    • 8
  • H. Crezee
    • 3
  • M. Ehmann
    • 4
  • J. Gellermann
    • 5
  • U. Lamprecht
    • 6
  • N. Lomax
    • 7
  • M.B. Messmer
    • 1
  • O. Ott
    • 2
  • S. Abdel-Rahman
    • 8
  • M. Schmidt
    • 2
  • R. Sauer
    • 2
  • A. Thomsen
    • 1
  • R. Wessalowski
    • 9
  • G. van Rhoon
    • 10
  1. 1.Radiotherapy DepartmentUniversity Hospital of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Radiotherapy ClinicUniversity Hospital ErlangenErlangenGermany
  3. 3.Academic Medical Centre (AMC)AmsterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Radiation Oncology DepartmentUniversity Medical Centre MannheimMannheimGermany
  5. 5.Formerly: Radiotherapy ClinicCharité UniversityBerlinGermany
  6. 6.Radiation OncologyUniversity Hospital of TübingenTübingenGermany
  7. 7.Radiation Oncology ClinicCantonal Hospital AarauAarauSwitzerland
  8. 8.Medical Clinic IIIUniversity Clinic MunichMunichGermany
  9. 9.Clinic of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Clinical ImmunologyUniversity Hospital DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany
  10. 10.Erasmus Medical Centre, Daniel den Hoed Cancer CentreRotterdamThe Netherlands

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