Novel Metal Artifact Reduction Techniques with Use of Slice-Encoding Metal Artifact Correction and View-Angle Tilting MR Imaging for Improved Visualization of Brain Tissue near Intracranial Aneurysm Clips
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The MR image quality after intracranial aneurysm clipping is often impaired because of artifacts induced by metal implants. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the benefit of a new WARP sequence with slice-encoding metal artifact correction (SEMAC) and view-angle tilting (VAT) MR imaging as novel artifact reduction techniques.
Materials and Methods
A new WARP TSE (a work-in-progress software package provided by Siemens Healthcare) sequence was implemented for cranial applications based on a turbo spin echo (TSE) sequence. T1- and T2-weighted images with standard and WARP TSE sequences were acquired from 6 patients with 11 clipping sites, and the images were compared based on artifact size and general image quality.
T2- and T1-weighted WARP TSE sequences resulted in a highly significant reduction of metal artifacts compared with standard sequences (T2w- WARP TSE: 89.8 ± 1.4 %; T1w- WARP TSE: 84.9 ± 2.9 %; p < 0.001) without a substantial loss of image quality.
The use of a new WARP TSE sequence after aneurysm clipping is highly beneficial for increasing the diagnostic MR image quality due to a striking reduction of metal artifacts.
KeywordsSEMAC Clip Artifact MRI WARP
We thank Siemens Healthcare for providing a work-in-progress software package (WARP WIP for Orthopedic Implant Imaging).
Conflict of Interest
- 1.Molyneux A, Kerr R, Stratton I, Sandercock P, Clarke M, Shrimpton J, Holman R, International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) Collaborative Group. International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) of neurosurgical clipping versus endovascular coiling in 2143 patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms: a randomised trial. Lancet. 2002;360:1267–74.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar