FOAR: Facet Joint Osteoarthritis with Radiculopathy: A Case Series and a Hypothesis Explaining Spinal Nerve Irritation in the Absence of Osteodiskal Compression
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Osteoarthritis is defined as “A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.” (National Library of Medicine—Medical Subject Headings, 2013).
Pain attributable to degenerative changes of the zygapophysial (or facet) joints of the spine is a common observation in out-patient clinical practice. The prevalence of facet-related chronic neck pain has been estimated to be approximately 42 % , or more than 50 % . However, there is an overweight reporting degenerative intervertebral disk and vertebral endplate changes in clinical imaging, presumably because of tradition, experience, and focus on disk extrusion due to the large arsenal of interventional and surgical treatment. There is also a lack of...
KeywordsIntervertebral Disk Spinal Nerve Bone Marrow Edema Intervertebral Foramen Clinical Magnetic Resonance Imaging