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Abscess, aneurysm, fistula, and complete AV block in infective endocarditis of the aortic valve

The four horsemen of the apocalypse

Abszess, Aneurysma, Fistel sowie kompletter AV-Block bei infektiöser Aortenklappenendokarditis

Die 4 apokalyptischen Reiter

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References

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    Nucifora G, Badano LP, Viale P et al (2007) Infective endocarditis in chronic haemodialysis patients: an increasing clinical challenge. Eur Heart J 28:2307–2312

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    Bayer AS, Bolger AF, Taubert KA et al (1998) Diagnosis and management of infective endocarditis and its complications. Circulation 98:2936–2948

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    Tuğcu A, Yildirimtürk O, Baytaroğlu C et al (2009) Clinical spectrum, presentation, and risk factors for mortality in infective endocarditis: a review of 68 cases at a tertiary care center in Turkey. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 37:9–18

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    Omari B, Shapiro S, Ginzton L et al (1989) Predictive risk factors for periannular extension of native valve endocarditis. Clinical and echocardiographic analyses. Chest 96:1273–1279

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    Evangelista A, Gonzalez-Alujas MT (2004) Echocardiography in infective endocarditis. Heart 90:614–617

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    Anguera I, Quaglio G, Miró JM et al (2001) Aortocardiac fistulas complicating infective endocarditis. Am J Cardiol 87:652–654

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Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there are no conflicts of interest

Author information

Correspondence to S. Acikel.

Additional information

Additional material onlineThis article includes four additional Videos. You will find this supplemental at dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00059-013-3895-y.

Electronic supplementary material

Video 1. Transesophageal 2D echocardiography showing abscess between non-coronary and left coronary cusp area and periaortic thickening. (MPG 2MB)

Video 2. Transesophageal color mode and doppler echocardiography showing colorful stream passage into the left atrium due to fistulisation in aneurysm area. (MPG 3,5MB)

Video 3. Transesophageal echocardiography showing neighbourhood of the infected aneurysm with mitral leaflet. (MPG 1,4MB)

Video 4. Transesophageal echocardiography showing dimensions of the aneurysm and location in the left atrium. (MPG 2,9MB)

Video 1. Transesophageal 2D echocardiography showing abscess between non-coronary and left coronary cusp area and periaortic thickening. (MPG 2MB)

Video 2. Transesophageal color mode and doppler echocardiography showing colorful stream passage into the left atrium due to fistulisation in aneurysm area. (MPG 3,5MB)

Video 3. Transesophageal echocardiography showing neighbourhood of the infected aneurysm with mitral leaflet. (MPG 1,4MB)

Video 4. Transesophageal echocardiography showing dimensions of the aneurysm and location in the left atrium. (MPG 2,9MB)

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Acikel, S., Kilic, H., Dogan, M. et al. Abscess, aneurysm, fistula, and complete AV block in infective endocarditis of the aortic valve. Herz 39, 776–779 (2014) doi:10.1007/s00059-013-3895-y

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Keywords

  • Mitral Valve
  • Left Atrium
  • Infective Endocarditis
  • Decompensated Heart Failure
  • Chronic Renal Failure Patient