Medicinal Chemistry Research

, Volume 21, Issue 10, pp 3214–3223 | Cite as

New thiazolidine-2,4-diones as antimicrobial and cytotoxic agent

  • Shankar G. AlegaonEmail author
  • Kallanagouda R. Alagawadi
Original Research


New (Z)-5-substituted-2,4-thiazolidinediones (3am) were easily prepared by the condensation of thiazolidine-2,4-dione (1) with suitable aldehydes (2am) via microwave irradiation technique. The reaction between (Z)-5-substituted-2,4-thiazolidinediones and 4-(bromomethyl) benzoic acid, using potassium carbonate as base in refluxing acetone, followed by a workup in acidic medium provided 4-(((Z)-5-substituted-2,4-dioxothiazolidin-3-yl)methyl) benzoic acid derivatives (4am). The structures of the newly synthesized compounds were confirmed by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectral studies, and elemental analysis. All compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities. Antibacterial and antifungal results revealed that most of the compounds showed significant activity where as compounds 4c and 4g are found to be broad spectrum antibacterial and antifungal properties, the MIC values were observed in the range of 2–4 and 2–8 μg/ml, respectively. In MTT cytotoxicity studies, the compound 4g was found most potent. In HeLa, HT29, A549, and MCF-7 cells, the IC50 values were observed in the range of 30–36 μM.


Thiazolidinedione Antibacterial activity Antifungal activity Cytotoxic activity Drug likeliness 



Authors are grateful to Dr. A. D. Taranalli, Principal, for providing necessary facilities. Authors are also grateful to NMR Research center, IISC, Bangalore, India, for providing the spectral data.

Supplementary material

44_2011_9876_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.3 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 1327 kb)
44_2011_9876_MOESM2_ESM.docx (29 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 29 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shankar G. Alegaon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kallanagouda R. Alagawadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical ChemistryKLE University’s College of PharmacyBelgaumIndia

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