Medicinal Chemistry Research

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 637–641 | Cite as

Chemical characterization and synergistic antibiotic activity of volatile compounds from the essential oil of Vanillosmopsis arborea

  • N. K. A. Santos
  • H. D. M. Coutinho
  • G. S. B. Viana
  • Fabíola F. G. Rodrigues
  • José G. M. Costa
Original Research

Abstract

Essential oils have been traditionally used for respiratory tract infections, and are used nowadays as ethnic medicines for colds. The objective of this work was to study the antibiotic-modifying activity of the essential oil from the leaves of Vanillosmopsis arborea Baker using gaseous contact. Stems of Vanillosmopsis arborea Baker (Asteracea) were subjected to hydrodistillation, and the essential oil extracted was evaluated for antibacterial and antibiotic-modifying activity by gaseous contact. The volatile components of the oil enhanced the sensitivity of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 12692 and Proteus vulgaris ATCC 13315 to two or more antibiotics assayed. The activity of the antibiotic gentamicin was increased only in S. aureus. The activity of tetracycline and tobramycin was enhanced against both strains. The essential oil of Vanillosmopsis arborea influences the activity of antibiotics and may be used as an adjuvant in antibiotic therapy against respiratory tract bacterial pathogens.

Keywords

Vanillosmopsis arborea Asteraceae Antibiotic-modifying activity Gaseous contact Essential oil Bisabolol Staphylococcus aureus Proteus vulgaris 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. K. A. Santos
    • 1
  • H. D. M. Coutinho
    • 1
    • 4
  • G. S. B. Viana
    • 2
  • Fabíola F. G. Rodrigues
    • 3
  • José G. M. Costa
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratório de Pesquisa em Produtos Naturais, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da SaúdeUniversidade Regional do CaririCratoBrazil
  2. 2.Faculdade de Medicina de Juazeiro do NorteJuazeiro do NorteBrazil
  3. 3.Faculdade Leão SampaioJuazeiro do NorteBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Regional do Cariri (URCA)CratoBrazil

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