Insectes Sociaux

, Volume 64, Issue 4, pp 597–603 | Cite as

Diagnosis and distribution of the Apis mellifera filamentous virus (AmFV) in honey bees (Apis mellifera) in China

Short Communication
  • 104 Downloads

Abstract

Pre-screening of samples detected the presence of Apis mellifera filamentous virus (AmFV), a DNA virus that was previously confirmed to be in Apis cerana cerana colonies in several provinces in China. To study whether it was presence and prevalence in A. mellifera colony in China, we collected samples from 170 colonies across 17 provinces and to assess the occurrence and geographical distribution of AmFV in different regions. The highest prevalence occurred in Beijing (80%) among all positive provinces, and the lowest infection prevalence occurred in Fujian and Qinghai with 10%. There was significantly geographical distribution of AmFV infection among investigated regions, and north of China was significantly higher than south of China (p < 0.05) and central of China (p < 0.05). The low infection rate for AmFV was in south of China, southwest and central of China, suggesting that geographical characterization that might favor the presence of AmFV. Although the significance of AmFV infection is not fully understood, its presence may be one of the critical factors affecting honey bee health in China.

Keywords

Filamentous virus Virus distribution Apis mellifera DNA viruses 

Supplementary material

40_2017_569_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 14 kb)

References

  1. Ai HX, Yan X, Han RC (2012) Occurrence and prevalence of seven bee viruses in Apis mellifera and Apis cerana apiaries in China. J Invertebr Pathol 109:160–164CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bailey L, Gibbs AJ (1964) Acute infection of bees with paralysis virus. J Insect Pathol 6:395–407Google Scholar
  3. Bailey L, Wood RD (1977) Two more small RNA viruses from honey bees and further observations on sacbrood and acute bee-paralysis viruses. J Gen Virol 37:175–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bailey L, Carpenter JM, Woods RD (1981) Properties of a filamentous virus of the honey bee (Apis mellifera). Virology 1:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bailey L, Ball BV, Perry JN (1983) Honeybee paralysis: its natural spread and its diminished incidence in England and Wales. J Apic Res 22:191–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bromenshenk JJH, Colin B, Wick CH, Stanford MF, Zulich AW, Jabbour RE, Deshpande SV, McCubbin PE, Seccomb RA, Welch PM (2010) Iridovirus and microsporidian linked to honey bee colony decline. PLoS One 10:e13181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clark TB (1978) A filamentous virus of the honey bee. J Invertebr Pathol 3:332–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cornman RS, Chen YP, Schatz MC, Street C, Zhao Y, Desany B, Egholm M, Hutchison S, Pettis JS, Lipkin WI (2009) Genomic analyses of the microsporidian Nosema ceranae, an emergent pathogen of honey Bees. PLoS Pathog 6:e1000466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dainat B, Evans JD, Chen YP, Gauthier L, Neumann P (2012) Dead or alive: deformed wing virus and Varroa destructor reduce the life span of winter honeybees. Appl Environ Microb 2:981–987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fujiyuki T, Matsuzaka E, Nakaoka T, Takeuchi H, Wakamoto A, Ohka S, Sekimizu K, Nomoto A, Kubo T (2009) Distribution of Kakugo virus and its effects on the gene expression profile in the brain of the worker honeybee Apis mellifera L. J Virol 22:11560–11568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fürst MA, McMahon DP, Osborne JL, Paxton RJ, Brown MJF (2014) Disease associations between honeybees and bumblebees as a threat to wild pollinators. Nature 506:364–366CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Gauthier L, Cornman S, Hartmann U, Cousserans F, Evans JD, de Miranda JR, Neumann P (2015) The Apis mellifera filamentous virus genome. Viruses 7:3798–3815CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Genersch E, Ohe W, Kaatz H, Schroeder A, Otten C, Büchler R, Berg S, Ritter W, Mühlen W, Gisder S, Meixner M, Liebig G, Rosenkranz P (2010) The German bee monitoring project: a long term study to understand periodically high winter losses of honey bee colonies. Apidologie 3:332–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hartmann U, Eva Forsgren, Jean-Daniel Charrière, Neumann P, Gauthier L (2015) Dynamics of Apis mellifera filamentous Virus (AmFV) infections in honey bees and relationships with Other Parasites. Viruses 5:2654–2667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hou CS, Hadassah R, Slabezki Y, Chejanovsky N (2014) Dynamics of the presence of Israeli acute paralysis virus in honey bee colonies with colony collapse disorder. Viruses 5:2012–2027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hou CS, Li BB, Luo YX, Deng S, Diao QY (2016) First detection of Apis mellifera filamentous virus in Apis cerana cerana in China. J Invertebr Pathol 138:112–115CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Li Z, Chen Y, Zhang S, Chen S, LiW Yan L, Shi L, Wu L, Sohr A, Su S (2013) Viral infection affects sucrose responsiveness and homing ability of forager honey bees, Apis mellifera L. PLoS One 10:e77354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Locke B, Forsgren E, Fries I, de Miranda JR (2012) Acaricidetreatment affects viral dynamics in Varroa destructor-infested honey bee colonies via both host physiology and mite control. Appl Environ Microb 1:227–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Naggar AY, Steve W, Sun JX, Christopher C, Mourad AS, Elsaied N, Mohamed M, Amal S, John PG (2015) Effects of environmentally-relevant mixtures of four common organophosphorus insecticides on the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). J Insect Physiol 82:85–91CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Natsopoulou ME, McMahon DP, Paxton RJ (2016) Parasites modulate within-colony activity and accelerate the temporal polyethism schedule of a social insect, the honey bee. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 70:1019–1031CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Pirk CWW, Miranda JR, Kramer M, Murray TE, Nazzi F, Shutler D, Steen JJM, Dooremalen CV (2013) Statistical guidelines for Apis mellifera research. J Apicult Res 4:3–7Google Scholar
  22. Potts SG, Dean RS, Marris G, Brown MA, Jones R, Neumann P, Settele J (2010) Declines of managed honey bees and beekeepers in Europe. J Apicult Res 49:15–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sitaropoulou N, Neophytou EP, Thomopoulos GN (1989) Structure of the nucleocapsid of a filamentous virus of the honey bee (Apis mellifera). J Invertebr Pathol 53(35):4–358Google Scholar
  24. vanEngelsdorp D, Meixner MD (2010) A historical review of managed honey bee populations in Europe and the United States and the factors that may affect them. J Invertebr Pathol 103(Supplement):S80–S95CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Varaldi J, Ravallec M, Labrosse C, Lopez-Ferber M, Boulétreau M, Fleury F (2006) Artifical transfer and morphological description of virus particles associated with superparasitism behaviour in a parasitoid wasp. J Insect Physiol 11–12:1202–1212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Varis AL, Ball BV, Allen MF (1992) The incidence of pathogens in honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in Finland and Great-Britain. Apidologie 2:133–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© International Union for the Study of Social Insects (IUSSI) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Apicultural ResearchChinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Pollinating Insect BiologyMinistry of AgricultureBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations