Insectes Sociaux

, Volume 64, Issue 4, pp 597–603 | Cite as

Diagnosis and distribution of the Apis mellifera filamentous virus (AmFV) in honey bees (Apis mellifera) in China

Short Communication


Pre-screening of samples detected the presence of Apis mellifera filamentous virus (AmFV), a DNA virus that was previously confirmed to be in Apis cerana cerana colonies in several provinces in China. To study whether it was presence and prevalence in A. mellifera colony in China, we collected samples from 170 colonies across 17 provinces and to assess the occurrence and geographical distribution of AmFV in different regions. The highest prevalence occurred in Beijing (80%) among all positive provinces, and the lowest infection prevalence occurred in Fujian and Qinghai with 10%. There was significantly geographical distribution of AmFV infection among investigated regions, and north of China was significantly higher than south of China (p < 0.05) and central of China (p < 0.05). The low infection rate for AmFV was in south of China, southwest and central of China, suggesting that geographical characterization that might favor the presence of AmFV. Although the significance of AmFV infection is not fully understood, its presence may be one of the critical factors affecting honey bee health in China.


Filamentous virus Virus distribution Apis mellifera DNA viruses 



We acknowledge the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31572471) and the Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program (CAAS-ASTIP-2016-IAR). We also wish to express our gratitude to Professors Zhili Yan, Zhongyin Zhang, and Dr. Dali Zhang, as well as Haohao Zhang and Yongjun Liu for statistical analysis and Dr. Chunying Yuan for lab assistance.

Supplementary material

40_2017_569_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 14 kb)


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Copyright information

© International Union for the Study of Social Insects (IUSSI) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Apicultural ResearchChinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Pollinating Insect BiologyMinistry of AgricultureBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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