Insectes Sociaux

, 56:333 | Cite as

Ant repellent resins of honeybees and stingless bees

  • O. DuangphakdeeEmail author
  • N. Koeniger
  • S. Deowanish
  • H. R. Hepburn
  • S. Wongsiri
Research Article


We measured the repellent effects of plant resins against the weaver ants, Oecophylla smaragdina. The resins were the sticky bands of the dwarf honeybees, Apis florea and A. andreniformis, propolis of the Western honeybee, A. mellifera and the nest entrance tubes of the stingless bees, Tetrigona apicalis, Lepidotrigona terminata, and Tetragonula collina. A bioassay was developed for testing the effects of these resins in field experiments by placing them along natural foraging pathways of ants’ nests. A repellency index was generated to quantify this bioactivity. The sticky bands of dwarf honeybees and propolis of A. mellifera were significantly more repellent against O. smaragdina than were the entrance tube resins of the stingless bees. Nonetheless, the diverse, viscid and adhesive resins employed by these bees constitute a generally effective first-line of defense against depredations of a formidable adversary, the weaver ants.


Resins Honeybees Stingless bees Ants Repellents 



Our thanks to Dr. Gudrun Koeniger for her kind support; Prof. Dr. Ulrich Maschwitz for valuable advice; Prof. Chariya Lekprayoon for providing facilities at Chulalongkorn University; Dr. Mananya Phiancharoen for her kind help. The Thailand Research Fund is acknowledged for financial support through the Royal Golden Jubilee Project. Colleen Hepburn kindly reviewed the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel/Switzerland 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Duangphakdee
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • N. Koeniger
    • 2
  • S. Deowanish
    • 3
  • H. R. Hepburn
    • 4
  • S. Wongsiri
    • 5
  1. 1.King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Ratchaburi CampusBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Institut für Bienenkunde (Polytechnische Gesellschaft), Fachbereich BiowissenschaftenGoethe-Universität Frankfurt am MainOberurselGermany
  3. 3.Center of Excellence in Entomology: Bee Biology, Biodiversity of Insects and Mites, Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  4. 4.Department of Zoology and EntomologyRhodes UniversityGrahamstownSouth Africa
  5. 5.School of ScienceMae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand

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