The impact of neighborhood socioeconomic disparities on injury
To examine the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic level (NSEL) and injury-related hospitalization.
The National Trauma Registry (INTR) and the National Population Census (NPC), including NSEL, were linked by individual identity number. Age-adjusted logistic regression predicted injury hospitalization. Mantel–Haenszel X2 was used for linear trends. NSEL was divided into 20 clusters.
The population comprised 7,412,592 residents, of which 125,829 (1.7%) were hospitalized due to injury. The injury hospitalization rate was at least 42 per 10,000 per year. Except for the very low SEL, an inverse relationship between NSEL and all-cause injury was found: 46.1/10,000 in cluster 3 compared to 22.9/10,000 in cluster 20. Hip fracture-related hospitalizations among ages 65 + decreased as SEL increased (2.19% o in cluster 2 compared to 0.95% in cluster 19). In comparison with Jews, non-Jews were 1.5 times more likely to have an injury-related hospitalization [OR 1.5 (95% CI 1.50–1.55)].
The INTR and the NPC were successfully linked providing individual and injury hospitalization data. The outcomes confirm the strong relationship between injury mechanism and NSEL.
KeywordsSocioeconomic position Injury Trauma registry Neighborhood statistical area National population census
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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