International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 62, Issue 9, pp 981–988 | Cite as

Ethical issues in obesity prevention for school children: a systematic qualitative review

Review

Abstract

Objectives

Planning and conducting preventive measures against obesity for school children is beset with ethical issues which should be known to make well-informed decisions. The goal of this study was to provide a comprehensive spectrum of these ethical issues by means of a systematic review. In this context, the study also assesses the value of different search strategies for ethical literature in public health.

Methods

Literature was searched in Medline, EBSCO and others. Three different search strategies with varied scopes were applied and their output was compared. Qualitative content analysis was used for extracting and categorizing ethical issues.

Results

109 publications (published from 1995 to 2015) were finally included. The qualitative analysis resulted in 60 potentially relevant ethical issues. The three search strategies showed substantial differences regarding their search results.

Conclusions

The presented spectrum provides an initial evidence base for dealing with ethical issues adequately. The findings of the study further suggest that a broader scope is more fruitful for systematic reviews on ethical issues in the field of public health.

Keywords

Ethics Ethical issues Obesity prevention School children Systematic review 

Supplementary material

38_2017_1027_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (147 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 147 kb)
38_2017_1027_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (290 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 289 kb)

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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hannover Medical SchoolInstitute for History, Ethics and Philosophy of MedicineHannoverGermany

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