Education and mortality in Spain: a national study supports local findings
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To estimate educational inequalities in mortality in Spain and in three Spanish areas: Madrid, Barcelona, and the Basque country.
A national prospective study was carried out including all persons aged 25–74 years living in Spain in 2001 and followed up for mortality over 7 years. The mortality rate ratio and difference from all causes and from leading causes of death were estimated for the entire Spanish population and for the above three geographical areas.
With respect to people with the highest education, the mortality rate ratios in the entire population of Spain in people with the second highest, second lowest and lowest education were, respectively, 1.09, 1.10, 1.39 in women and 1.19, 1.27 and 1.54 in men. The mortality rate differences per 100,000 person-years were, respectively, 24.8, 28.3, 108.2 in women and 116.7, 162.5 and 319.1 in men. These estimates were intermediate in magnitude compared to those seen in the three geographical areas.
The results provide further evidence that educational inequalities in mortality are smaller in the south of Europe than in other European countries.
KeywordsInequalities in mortality Leading causes of death Spain Spanish regions
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