Calculating disability-adjusted life years to quantify burden of disease
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The disability-adjusted life year or DALY is a summary measure of public health widely used to quantify burden of disease. In the DALY philosophy, every person is born with a certain number of life years potentially lived in optimal health. People may lose these healthy life years through living with illness and/or through dying before a reference life expectancy. These losses in healthy life years are exactly what is measured by the DALY metric. Ten DALYs, for instance, correspond to ten lost years of healthy life, attributable to morbidity, mortality, or both. On a population level, diseases with a higher public health impact will thus account for more DALYs than those with a lesser impact.
KeywordsHealthy Life Disability Weight Model Life Table Time Discount Social Weighting
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