International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 58, Issue 6, pp 949–953 | Cite as

Population-based reference values for the 1-min sit-to-stand test

  • Alexandra Strassmann
  • Claudia Steurer-Stey
  • Kaba Dalla Lana
  • Marco Zoller
  • Alexander J. Turk
  • Paolo Suter
  • Milo A. Puhan
Brief Report



To determine reference values for the 1-min sit-to-stand (STS) test in an adult population.


Cross-sectional study nested within a nationwide health promotion campaign in Switzerland. Adults performed the STS test and completed questions on demographics and health behavior.


6,926 out of 7,753 (89.3 %) adults were able to complete the STS test. The median number of repetitions ranged from 50/min (25–75th percentile 41–57/min) in young men and 47/min (39–55/min) in young women aged 20–24 years to 30/min (25–37/min) in older men and 27/min (22–30/min) in older women aged 75–79 years.


The reference values support the interpretation of 1-min STS test performance and identification of subjects with decreased lower body muscular strength and endurance.


Lower body strength Endurance Interpretation Reference values Sit-to-stand test 


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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandra Strassmann
    • 1
  • Claudia Steurer-Stey
    • 2
  • Kaba Dalla Lana
    • 2
  • Marco Zoller
    • 2
  • Alexander J. Turk
    • 3
  • Paolo Suter
    • 4
  • Milo A. Puhan
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Social and Preventive MedicineUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute of General PracticeUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Zürcher Höhenklinik WaldFaltiberg-WaldSwitzerland
  4. 4.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity Hospital of ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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