International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 56, Issue 5, pp 559–566

Factors associated with HIV testing among immigrants in Portugal

  • Sónia Dias
  • Ana Gama
  • Milton Severo
  • Henrique Barros
Original Article

Abstract

Objectives

This paper describes the uptake of HIV testing and its associated factors among a sample of immigrants in Portugal.

Methods

A questionnaire was completed by 1,513 immigrants at the National Immigrant Support Centre, in Lisbon. The magnitude of the association between ever been HIV tested and socio-demographic variables was estimated by means of crude and adjusted odds ratios, and their 95% confidence intervals, using logistic regression.

Results

Approximately half of the participants reported having ever been HIV tested. Age, sex, educational level, region of origin, immigration status and knowing someone infected were independently associated with the HIV test uptake. Almost 90% of participants reported knowing where to obtain support on HIV-related issues. Most declared preferring doctors to get HIV information. However, only 9.2% had sought HIV information at the National Health Service.

Conclusions

Our results suggest differences between migrant groups regarding HIV testing. Adopting more innovative approaches to HIV testing could improve the efficacy of HIV prevention strategies, especially among vulnerable groups within immigrant population as male and undocumented.

Keywords

Immigrants HIV Testing Information seeking Portugal 

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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sónia Dias
    • 1
  • Ana Gama
    • 1
  • Milton Severo
    • 2
  • Henrique Barros
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de Higiene e Medicina TropicalUniversidade Nova de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Institute of Public HealthUniversity of Porto Medical SchoolPortoPortugal

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