International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 367–372 | Cite as

The use of a surveillance system to measure changes in mental health in Australian adults during the global financial crisis

  • Zumin Shi
  • Anne W. Taylor
  • Robert Goldney
  • Helen Winefield
  • Tiffany K. Gill
  • Jane Tuckerman
  • Gary Wittert
Original Article

Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to describe trends in a range of mental health indicators in South Australia where a surveillance system has been in operation since July 2002 and assess the impact of the global financial crisis (GFC).

Methods

Data were collected using a risk factor surveillance system. Participants, aged 16 years and above, were asked about doctor-diagnosed anxiety, stress or depression, suicidal ideation, psychological distress (PD), demographic and socioeconomic factors using Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI).

Results

Overall, there was a decreasing trend in the prevalence of PD between 2002 and 2009. Stress has decreased since 2004 although anxiety has increased. Comparing 2008 or 2009 (the economic crisis period) with 2005 or 2007, there was significant increase in anxiety for part-time workers but a decrease for full-time workers. There were significant differences for stress by various demographic variables.

Conclusion

The overall prevalence of mental health conditions has not increased during the GFC. Some subgroups in the population have been disproportionately impacted by changes in mental health status. The use of a surveillance system enables rapid and specifically targeted public health and policy responses to socioeconomic and environmental stressors, and the evaluation of outcomes.

Keywords

Mental health Global financial crisis Socioeconomic status Trend Australia 

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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zumin Shi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anne W. Taylor
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert Goldney
    • 3
  • Helen Winefield
    • 4
  • Tiffany K. Gill
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jane Tuckerman
    • 1
  • Gary Wittert
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of HealthPopulation Research and Outcome Studies UnitAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.Discipline of Psychiatry and the Hanson InstituteUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  4. 4.Discipline of Psychiatry and School of PsychologyUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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