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International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 54, Supplement 2, pp 235–242 | Cite as

Cross-national associations between parent and peer communication and psychological complaints

  • Carmen MorenoEmail author
  • Inmaculada Sánchez-Queija
  • Victoria Muñoz-Tinoco
  • Margarida Gaspar de Matos
  • Lorenza Dallago
  • Tom Ter Bogt
  • Inês Camacho
  • Francisco Rivera
  • the HBSC Peer Culture Focus Group
Original article

Abstract

Objectives:

To assess whether or not communication with parents and with peers is related to experiencing psychological complaints in an attempt to explore the hypotheses of continuity and compensation or moderation between contexts.

Methods:

Questions on communication with their parents and peers, as well as on the frequency with which they experience psychological complaints were answered by 200,857 adolescents from 36 countries.

Results:

A cluster analysis detected four groups of adolescents. Those with better communication in both social contexts were the ones showing less psychological complaints. Moreover, we have found (using a regression analysis) that good communication with peers does not improve their experience of psychological complaints if the communication with parents is not good.

Conclusions:

We conclude that our findings are consistent with the continuity hypothesis and against the compensating or moderating one.

Keywords:

Family communication Peers communication Family-peers relationships Adolescent adjustment Cross-cultural research 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmen Moreno
    • 1
    Email author
  • Inmaculada Sánchez-Queija
    • 2
  • Victoria Muñoz-Tinoco
    • 1
  • Margarida Gaspar de Matos
    • 3
  • Lorenza Dallago
    • 4
  • Tom Ter Bogt
    • 5
  • Inês Camacho
    • 3
  • Francisco Rivera
    • 6
  • the HBSC Peer Culture Focus Group
  1. 1.Dpto. de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación. Facultad de PsicologíaUniversidad de SevillaSevillaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Developmental and Educational PsychologyUNEDMadridSpain
  3. 3.Faculty of Human KineticsTechnical University of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  4. 4.Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of PaduaPaduaItaly
  5. 5.Faculty of Social SciencesUniversity of UtrechtUtrechtNetherlands
  6. 6.Department of PsychologyUniversity of HuelvaHuelvaSpain

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