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International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 54, Supplement 2, pp 180–190 | Cite as

Breakfast consumption and its socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates in schoolchildren in 41 countries participating in the HBSC study

  • Carine Vereecken
  • Marie Dupuy
  • Mette Rasmussen
  • Colette Kelly
  • Tonja R. Nansel
  • Haleama Al Sabbah
  • Daniela Baldassari
  • Marina Delgrande Jordan
  • Lea Maes
  • Birgit V.-L. Niclasen
  • Namanjeet Ahluwalia
  • the HBSC Eating & Dieting Focus Group
Original article

Abstract

Objective:

To investigate associations of daily breakfast consumption (DBC) with demographic and lifestyle factors in 41 countries.

Methods:

Design: Survey including nationally representative samples of 11–15 year olds (n = 204,534) (HBSC 2005–2006). Statistics: Multilevel logistic regression analyses

Results:

DBC varied from 33% (Greek girls) to 75% (Portuguese boys).

In most countries, lower DBC was noticed in girls, older adolescents, those with lower family affluence and those living in single-parent families. DBC was positively associated with healthy lifestyle behaviours and negatively with unhealthy lifestyle behaviours.

Conclusion:

Breakfast skipping deserves attention in preventive programs. It is common among adolescents, especially girls, older adolescents and those from disadvantaged families.

The results indicate that DBC can serve as an indicator to identify children at risk for unhealthy lifestyle behaviours.

Keywords:

Breakfast Schoolchildren Adolescents 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carine Vereecken
    • 1
  • Marie Dupuy
    • 2
  • Mette Rasmussen
    • 3
  • Colette Kelly
    • 4
  • Tonja R. Nansel
    • 5
  • Haleama Al Sabbah
    • 6
    • 12
  • Daniela Baldassari
    • 7
  • Marina Delgrande Jordan
    • 8
  • Lea Maes
    • 9
  • Birgit V.-L. Niclasen
    • 10
  • Namanjeet Ahluwalia
    • 11
  • the HBSC Eating & Dieting Focus Group
  1. 1.Postdoctoral researcher FWO-Flanders, Department of Public HealthGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.INSERM U558, Epidemiology and Public HealthUniversity Paul SabatierToulouseFrance
  3. 3.Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  4. 4.Health Promotion Research CentreNational University of Ireland, GalwayGalwayIreland
  5. 5.Division of Epidemiology, Statistics & Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentUS Department of Health and Human ServicesWashingtonUSA
  6. 6.Department of Public HealthGent UniversityGhentBelgium
  7. 7.Department of HealthRegional Centre for Health Promotion - Veneto RegionVeronaItaly
  8. 8.Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems (SIPA)LausanneSwitzerland
  9. 9.Department of Public HealthGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  10. 10.National Institute of Public HealthUniversity of Southern DenmarkOdenseDenmark
  11. 11.INSERM U558, Epidemiology and Public HealthUniversity Paul SabatierToulouseFrance
  12. 12.Nutrition and Health Research InstituteAl Quds UniversityJerusalemPalestine

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