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International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 54, Supplement 2, pp 160–166 | Cite as

Measuring mental health and well-being of school-children in 15 European countries using the KIDSCREEN-10 Index

  • Michael Erhart
  • Veronika Ottova
  • Tanja Gaspar
  • Helena Jericek
  • Christina Schnohr
  • Mujgan Alikasifoglu
  • Antony Morgan
  • Ulrike Ravens-SiebererEmail author
  • the HBSC Positive Health Focus Group
Original article

Abstract

Objectives:

To test the psychometric properties and measurement results of the KIDSCREEN-10 Mental Health Index in school children from 15 European countries.

Methods:

Within the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children 2005/2006 Survey, 78,000 pupils aged 11, 13, 15 answered the KIDSCREEN and additional measures. Cronbach’s alpha, Rasch partial credit model itemfit and ANOVAs were conducted.

Results:

Cronbach’s alpha was 0.81, Rasch infit mean square residuals were 0.7–1.3. Mean scores varied 0.8 standard deviation across countries. Older pupils (effect size [ES] = 0.6), girls (ES = 0.2), pupils with low socio-economic status (ES = 0.5) or frequent health complaints (r = 0.5) reported decreased mental health.

Conclusions:

The KIDSCREEN-10 displayed good psychometric properties. Measured differences between countries, age, gender, SES, and health complaints comply with theoretical considerations.

Keywords:

Children & adolescents Mental health Well-being HBSC Study KIDSCREEN-10 Index 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Erhart
    • 1
  • Veronika Ottova
    • 1
  • Tanja Gaspar
    • 2
    • 7
  • Helena Jericek
    • 3
  • Christina Schnohr
    • 4
  • Mujgan Alikasifoglu
    • 5
  • Antony Morgan
    • 6
  • Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
    • 1
    Email author
  • the HBSC Positive Health Focus Group
  1. 1.Center for Obstetrics and Pediatrics, Department of Psychosomatics in Children and AdolescentsUniversity Medical Center Hamburg-EppendorfHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Technical UniversityLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Institute of Public HealthLjubljanaSlovenia
  4. 4.Institute of Public HealthCopenhagenDenmark
  5. 5.Cerrahpasa Medical FacultyIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  6. 6.National Institute for Health and Clinical ExcellenceLondonUnited Kingdom
  7. 7.University of PortoPortoPortugal

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