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International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 5–10 | Cite as

Comparison of HIV-infected patients’ characteristics, healthcare resources use and cost between native and migrant patients

  • Jean-Blaise WasserfallenEmail author
  • Alexandre Hyjazi
  • Matthias Cavassini
Original Article

Abstract

Objectives:

To assess whether patients’ characteristics and healthcare resources consumption and costs were different between native and migrant populations in Switzerland.

Methods:

All adult patients followed-up in the Swiss HIV-cohort study in our institution during 2000–2003 were considered. Patients’ characteristics were retrieved from the cohort database. Hospital and outpatient resource use were extracted from individual charts and valued with 2002 tariffs.

Results:

The 66 migrants were younger (29 ± 8 years versus 37 ± 11, p < 0.001), less often of male gender (38 % versus 70 %, p < 0.001), predominantly infected via heterosexual contact (87 % versus 52 %, p < 0.01), with lower mean CD4 level at enrolment (326 ± 235 versus 437 ± 305, p = 0.002) than their 200 native counterparts.

Migrants had fewer hospitalizations, more frequent outpatient visits, laboratory tests, and lower total cost of care per year of follow-up (€ 2′215  ±  4′206 versus 4′155  ±  12′304, p = 0.037). Resource use and costs were significantly higher in people with < 200 CD4 cell counts in both groups.

Conclusions:

Migrant population had more advanced disease, more outpatient visits but less hospitalizations, resulting in lower costs of care when compared with native population.

Keywords:

Migration HIV infection Patient characteristics Resource use Costs 

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Copyright information

© Birkhaeuser 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Alexandre Hyjazi
    • 1
  • Matthias Cavassini
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Health Economics and ManagementUniversity Hospital Center and University of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Service of Infectious DiseasesUniversity Hospital Center and University of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Medical direction, CHUV – BH 08LausanneSwitzerland

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