computational complexity

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 333–354

Interpolation of Shifted-Lacunary Polynomials

Article

Abstract.

Given a “black box” function to evaluate an unknown rational polynomial \(f \in {\mathbb{Q}}[x]\) at points modulo a prime p, we exhibit algorithms to compute the representation of the polynomial in the sparsest shifted power basis. That is, we determine the sparsity \(t \in {\mathbb{Z}}_{>0}\), the shift \(\alpha \in {\mathbb{Q}}\), the exponents \({0 \leq e_{1} < e_{2} < \cdots < e_{t}}\), and the coefficients \(c_{1}, \ldots , c_{t} \in {\mathbb{Q}} \setminus \{0\}\) such that
$$f(x) = c_{1}(x-\alpha)^{e_{1}}+c_{2}(x-\alpha)^{e_{2}}+ \cdots +c_{t}(x-\alpha)^{e_{t}}$$
.

The computed sparsity t is absolutely minimal over any shifted power basis. The novelty of our algorithm is that the complexity is polynomial in the (sparse) representation size, which may be logarithmic in the degree of f. Our method combines previous celebrated results on sparse interpolation and computing sparsest shifts, and provides a way to handle polynomials with extremely high degree which are, in some sense, sparse in information.

Keywords.

Sparse interpolation sparsest shift lacunary polynomials 

Subject classification.

Primary 68W30 Secondary 12Y05 

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Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Computer ScienceUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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