Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing

, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 1775–1792 | Cite as

Exploring Text-Constraint Models and Source Information for Long-Enrollment with Short-Test Speaker Verification

  • Rohan Kumar DasEmail author
  • Sarfaraz Jelil
  • S. R. Mahadeva Prasanna


This work focuses on long-enrollment with short-test speaker verification (SV) from the perspective of application-oriented systems. The importance of phonetic match between train and test models is explored in terms of having a text-constraint model-based framework on Part IV of RedDots database. This database has a text-dependent and a text-prompted-based enrollment conditions for speaker modeling. Two different text-constraint setups are formalized for evaluating the effect of text match on train and test sessions. Further, the excitation source features mel power difference of spectrum in subbands, residual mel frequency cepstral coefficient and discrete cosine transform of integrated linear prediction residual are investigated to determine their significance for text-constraint-based framework. Although the source features individually perform poorer compared to the conventional mel frequency cepstral coefficient (MFCC) features, their significance is reflected in fusion due to the complementary nature of information carried by them. Additionally, the source features become imperative for text-constraint-based models for long-enrollment with short-test SV in fusion to MFCC features and achieves commendable improvement from baseline framework of text-prompted-based enrollment condition. This thus minimizes the performance difference between text-dependent and text-prompted-based enrollment condition showing importance of text-constraint models and source information in long-enrollment with short-test-based framework favorable from the perspective of field deployable systems.


Speaker verification Short utterances Text-constraint Source features 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Electrical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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