Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing

, Volume 33, Issue 8, pp 2363–2383 | Cite as

Mutator-Based Meminductor Emulator for Circuit Applications

  • Maheshwar Pd. Sah
  • Ram Kaji Budhathoki
  • Changju Yang
  • Hyongsuk Kim
Article

Abstract

A mutator-based meminductor emulator whose inductance can be varied by an external current source is proposed. The implementation of a meminductor emulator is very important, since real meminductors are not physically realizable with current technology. Though there is active research on memristor or memcapacitor emulators, no significant contribution for the meminductor emulator has been presented yet. In this paper, a meminductor emulator has been built using the principle of a mutator, in that a memristor with \(v-i\) at one port functions as a meminductor in the other port, whose input is characterized by \(\varphi - i\) curve. It is shown that multiple meminductor circuits can be built in various configurations with memristors combined with a single mutator. The feasibility of our meminductor emulator and its expandable configurations are verified experimentally and SPICE simulation.

Keywords

Memristor Memcapacitor Meminductor Emulator   Expandable architecture 

References

  1. 1.
    D. Batas, H. Fiedler, A memristor SPICE implementation and a new approach for magnetic flux-controlled memristor modeling. IEEE Trans. Nano. 10(2), 250–255 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. Biolek, Z. Biolek, V. Biolkova, PSPICE modeling of meminductor. Analog Integr. Circuits Sig. Process. 66(1), 129–137 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. Biolek, V. Biolková, Z. Kolka, Mutators simulating memcapacitors and meminductors. IEEE Asia Pacific conference on circuit system (APCCAS). pp. 800–803 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Borghettil, G.S. Snider, P.J. Kuekes, J.J. Yang, D.R. Stewart, R.S. Williams, Memristive switches enable stateful logic operations via material implication. Nat. Lett. 464(8), 873–876 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R.K. Budhathoki, M.P. Sah, S.P. Adhikari, H. Kim, L.O. Chua, Composite behavior of multiple memristor circuits. IEEE Trans. Circuit Syst. I 60(10), 2688–2700 (2013)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    L.O. Chua, Memristor—the missing circuit element. IEEE Trans. Circuit Theo. 18(5), 507–519 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    L.O. Chua, S.M. Kang, Memristive devices and systems. Proc. IEEE. 64(2), 209–223 (1976)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L.O. Chua, Synthesis of new nonlinear network elements. Proc. IEEE. 56(8), 1325–1340 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    L.O. Chua, Nonlinear circuit foundations for nanodevices, part I: the four-element torus. Proc. IEEE 91(11), 1830–1859 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y. Ho, G.M. Huang, P. Li, Dynamical properties and design analysis for nonvolatile memristor memories. IEEE Trans. Circuit Syst. I 58(4), 724–736 (2012)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Z. Hu, Y. Li, L. Jia, J. Yu, Chaotic oscillator based on current-controlled meminductor. International Conference on Comm., Circuits and syst. (ICCCAS). pp. 820–823 (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H.H.C. Iu, D.S. Yu, A.L. Fitch, V. Sreeram, H. Chen, Controlling chaos in a memristor based circuit using a twin-t notch filter. IEEE Trans. Circuit Syst. I 58(6), 1337–1344 (2011)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Kim, M.P. Sah, C. Yang, T. Roska, L.O. Chua, Neural synaptic weighting with a pulse-based memristor circuit. IEEE Trans. Circuit Syst. I 59(1), 148–158 (2012)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Kim, M.P. Sah, C. Yang, T. Roska, L.O. Chua, Memristor bridge synapses. Proc. IEEE 100(6), 2061–2070 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Kim, M.P. Sah, C. Yang, S. Cho, L.O. Chua, Memristor emulator for memristor circuit applications. IEEE Trans. Circuit Syst. I 59(10), 2422–2431 (2012)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y.V. Pershin, M. Di Ventra, Memristive circuits simulate memcapacitors and meminductors. Electron. Lett. 46(7), 517–518 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y.V. Pershin, M. Di Ventra, Emulation of floating memcapacitors and meminductors using current conveyors. Electron. Lett. 47(4), 243–244 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Rak, G. Cserey, Macromodelling of the memristor in SPICE. IEEE Trans. Comput. Aided Design Integr. Circuits Syst. 29(4), 632–636 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M.P. Sah, C. Yang, H. Kim, L.O. Chua, A voltage mode memristor bridge synaptic circuit with memristor emulators. Sensors 12(3), 3578–3604 (2012)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M.P. Sah, R.K. Budhathoki, C. Yang, H. Kim, Expandable circuits of mutator-based memcapacitor emulator. Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos (IJBC) 23(5), 1330017(1)–1330017(17) (2013)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.P. Sah, C. Yang, R.K. Budhathoki, H. Kim, Implementation of memcapacitor emulator with off the shelf devices. J. Electron. Electric. Eng. 19(8), 54–58 (2013)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Shin, K. Kim, S.M. Kang, Memristor applications for programmable analog ICs. IEEE Trans. Nano. 10(2), 266–274 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D.B. Strukov, G.S. Snider, D.R. Stewart, R.S. Williams, The missing memristor found. Nature 453, 80–83 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Q. Xia et al., Memristor—CMOS hybrid integrated circuits for reconfigurable logic. Am. Chem. Soc. Nano Lett. 9(10), 3640–3645 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maheshwar Pd. Sah
    • 1
  • Ram Kaji Budhathoki
    • 1
  • Changju Yang
    • 1
  • Hyongsuk Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Electronics Engineering and Intelligent Robots Research CenterChonbuk National UniversityJeonjuRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations