Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 815–837 | Cite as

Modified Metaheuristic Algorithms for the Optimal Design of Multiplier-Less Non-uniform Channel Filters



Reconfigurable non-uniform channel filters are now being widely used in software define radio (SDR). The hardware implementation of these filters requires low complexity, low chip area and low power consumption. The frequency response masking (FRM) approach is proved to be a good candidate for the realization of a sharp digital finite impulse response (FIR) filter with low complexity. To reduce the complexity further, this paper gives an optimal design method which makes the channel filters totally multiplier-less. This is done in two steps. The channel filters are designed using the FRM approach with continuous filter coefficients. To obtain multiplier-less design, these filter coefficients are converted to finite-precision coefficients using signed power of two (SPT) space and the filter coefficients are synthesized in the canonic signed-digit (CSD) format. But this may lead to degradation of the filter performance. Hence the filter coefficients synthesis in the CSD format is formulated as an optimization problem. Several meta-heuristic algorithms like Differential Evolution (DE), Artificial Bee Colony (ABC), Harmony Search Algorithm (HSA) and Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) are modified and deployed and the best one is selected.


Frequency response masking Canonic signed digit Metaheuristic algorithms Artificial bee colony Harmony search algorithm Gravitational search algorithm 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringNational Institute of Technology CalicutKeralaIndia

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