Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 489–499 | Cite as

OTRA-based Grounded-FDNR and Grounded-Inductance Simulators and Their Applications

  • Ashish Gupta
  • Raj Senani
  • D. R. Bhaskar
  • A. K. Singh
Article

Abstract

New grounded frequency-dependent negative-resistance (FDNR) and grounded inductance simulation circuits, employing an operational trans-resistance amplifier (OTRA) along with two capacitors, two resistors and a voltage follower have been introduced. The application of the new simulators in the realization of a single-resistance controlled oscillator (SRCO) and a single-capacitance controlled oscillator (SCCO) has been demonstrated and the effect of parasitic capacitance and input and output resistances of the OTRA on the performance of these circuits has been evaluated. The workability of the application circuits has been confirmed by experimental results using an OTRA-implemented from commercially available AD844-type current-feedback operational amplifiers (CFOAs).

Keywords

Inductance simulation Frequency-dependent-negative-resistance Sinusoidal oscillators Operational transresistance amplifier 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. Cakir, U. Cam, O. Cicekoglu, Novel all pass filter configuration employing single OTRA. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II 52, 122–125 (2005) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    U. Çam, A novel single-resistance-controlled sinusoidal oscillator employing single operational transresistance amplifier. Analog Integr. Circuits Signal Process. 32, 183–186 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    U. Çam, F. Kacar, O. Çicekoglu, H. Kuntman, A. Kuntman, Novel grounded parallel immittance simulator topologies employing single OTRA. AEÜ, Int. J. Electron. Commun. 57, 287–290 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    U. Cam, C. Cakir, O. Cicekoglu, Novel transimpedance type first-order all pass filter employing single OTRA. Int. J. Electron. Commun. 58, 296–298 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    U. Çam, F. Kacar, O. Çicekoglu, H. Kuntman, A. Kuntman, Novel two OTRA-based grounded immittance simulator topologies. Analog Integr. Circuits Signal Process. 39, 169–175 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.-J. Chen, H.-W. Tsao, C.-C. Chen, Operational trans-resistance amplifier using CMOS technology. Electron. Lett. 28, 2087–2088 (1992) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.-J. Chen, H.-W. Tsao, S.-I. Liu, W. Chiu, Parasitic capacitance insensitive current-mode filters using operational transresistance amplifier. IEE Proc., Circuits Devices Syst. 142, 186–192 (1995) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.-J. Chen, H.-W. Tsao, S.-I. Liu, Voltage-mode MOSFET-C filter using operational transresistance amplifiers (OTRAs) with reduced parasitic capacitance effect. IEE Proc., Circuits Devices Syst. 148, 242–249 (2001) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. Chiu, J.-H. Tsay, S.-I. Liu, H.-W. Tsao, J.-J. Chen, Single capacitor MOSFET-C integrator using OTRA. Electron. Lett. 31, 1796–1797 (1995) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C.L. Hou, H.C. Chien, Y.K. Lo, Square wave generators employing OTRAs. IEE Proc. Circuits Devices Syst. 152, 718–722 (2005) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Y.S. Hwang, D.-S. Wu, J.J. Chen, C.C. Shih, W.S. Chou, Realisation of higher-order MOSFET-C active filters using OTRA. Circuits Syst. Signal Process. 26, 281–291 (2007) MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Kilinc, U. Cam, Realization of n-th order voltage transfer function using a single operational transresistance amplifier. ETRI J. 27, 647–650 (2005) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Kilinc, U. Cam, Transimpedance type fully integrated biquadratic filters using operational transresistance amplifiers. Analog Integr. Circuits Signal Process. 47, 193–198 (2006) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Kilinc, K.N. Salama, U. Cam, Realisation of fully controllable negative inductance with single operational transresistance amplifier. Circuits Syst. Signal Process. 35, 47–57 (2006) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Kilinc, A.U. Keskin, U. Cam, Cascadable voltage-mode multifunction biquad employing OTRA. Frequenz 61, 84–86 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y.K. Lo, H.C. Chien, Current mode monostable multivibrators using OTRA. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, 53, 1274–1278 (2005) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. Mostafa, A.M. Soliman, A modified CMOS realization of the operational transresistance amplifier (OTRA). Frequenz 60, 70–76 (2006) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. Pandey, M. Bothra, Multiphase sinusoidal oscillators using operational transresistance amplifier, in IEEE Symposium on Industrial Electronics and Applications, pp. 371–376 (2009) Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    K.N. Salama, A.M. Soliman, CMOS operational transresistance amplifier for analog signal processing. Microelectron. J. 30, 235–245 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    K.N. Salama, A.M. Soliman, Novel oscillators using operational transresistance amplifier. Microelectron. J. 31, 39–47 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    K.N. Salama, A.M. Soliman, Active RC applications of the operational transresistance amplifiers. Frequenz 54, 171–176 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A.M. Soliman, History and progress of the Tow-Thomas biquadratic filter part-II using OTRA, CCII, and DVCC realizations. J. Circuits Syst. Comput. 17, 797–826 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A.M. Soliman, A.H. Madian, MOS-C Tow-Thomas filter using voltage op-amp, current feedback op-amp and operational transresistance amplifier. J. Circuits Syst. Comput. 18, 151–179 (2009) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A.M. Soliman, A.H. Madian, MOS-C KHN filter using voltage op-amp, current feedback op-amp, operational transresistance amplifier and DCVC. J. Circuits Syst. Comput. 18, 733–769 (2009) CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashish Gupta
    • 1
  • Raj Senani
    • 3
  • D. R. Bhaskar
    • 2
  • A. K. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringITS Engineering CollegeGreater NoidaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and TechnologyJamia Millia IslamiaNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Division of Electronics and Communication EngineeringNetaji Subhas Institute of TechnologyDwarkaIndia

Personalised recommendations