Design and Comparison of FFT VLSI Architectures for SoC Telecom Applications with Different Flexibility, Speed and Complexity Trade-Offs
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The design of Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) integrated architectures for System-on-Chip (SoC) telecom applications is addressed in this paper. After reviewing the FFT processing requirements of wireless and wired Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) standards, including the emerging Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) and OFDM Access (OFDMA) schemes, three FFT architectures are proposed: a fully parallel, a pipelined cascade and an in-place variable-size architecture, which offer different trade-offs among flexibility, processing speed and complexity. Silicon implementation results and comparisons with the state-of-the-art prove that each macrocell outperforms the known works for a target application. The fully parallel is optimized for throughput requirements up to several GSamples/s enabling Ultra-wideband (UWB) communications by using all channels foreseen in the standard. The pipelined cascade macrocell minimizes complexity for large size FFTs sustaining throughput up to 100 MSamples/s. The in-place variable-size FFT macrocell stands for its flexibility by allowing run-time reconfigurability required in OFDMA schemes while attaining the required throughput to support MIMO communications. The three architectures are also compared with common case-studies and target technology.
KeywordsVLSI design Fast Fourier Transform System-on-Chip OFDM telecom systems
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