Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 1091–1114

Generation of Generalized Impedance Converter Circuits Using NAM Expansion


DOI: 10.1007/s00034-010-9218-0

Cite this article as:
Soliman, A.M. Circuits Syst Signal Process (2011) 30: 1091. doi:10.1007/s00034-010-9218-0


The generation of the voltage generalized impedance converter (VGIC) circuits using a nodal admittance matrix (NAM) expansion is given in detail. Thirty-two equivalent circuits using current conveyors (CCII) or inverting current conveyors (ICCII) or a combination of both are generated. The reported circuits are suitable for realizing inductors or frequency dependent negative resistors (FDNR) using grounded passive elements. Similarly the generation of the current generalized impedance converter (CGIC) circuits published recently is reexamined and this resulted in 16 more new CGIC circuits using an alternative NAM expansion. Modification of two of the generated circuits to realize a floating inductor or floating FDNR is also given together with Spice simulation results.


Voltage generalized impedance converter Current generalized impedance converter Current conveyors Inverting current conveyors 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electronics and Communication Engineering DepartmentFaculty of Engineering, Cairo UniversityGizaEgypt

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