An extended similarity theory applied to heated flows in complex geometries

  • F. Bünger
  • H. HerwigEmail author


In the traditional similarity theory the influence of temperature- and pressure-dependent fluid properties on the flow field and heat transfer is not described by the basic dimensionless parameters, i.e. Prandtl, Reynolds, Rayleigh, . . . number. We present an extended similarity theory that not only takes into account the variable material properties but also can handle small variations in other parameters of the physical model like small changes in the (reference) Prandtl number. The method has general applicability that is suitable for a wide variety of fluid dynamic and heat transfer situations in which variable properties with a strong dependence on temperature and pressure play a significant role. It is especially useful in predicting the behaviour of a certain fluid based on the results for a different one. As an example the Nußelt number of a lid driven heated cavity is determined with fluid properties being temperature dependent.

Mathematics Subject Classification (2000).

Primary 76M55 Secondary 80A20 


Similarity theory heat transfer lid driven heated cavity 

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Thermo-Fluid Dynamics (M-21)Hamburg University of TechnologyHamburgGermany

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