Central Points of the Complete Quadrangle
- 49 Downloads
Generalizing the classical geometry of the triangle in the Euclidean plane E, we define a central point of an n-gon as a symmetric function E n → E which commutes with all similarities. We first review various geometrical characterizations of some well-known central points of the quadrangle (n = 4) and show how a look at their mutual positions produces a morphologic classification (cyclic, trapezoidal, orthogonal etc.). From a basis of four central points, full information on the quadrangle can be retrieved. This generalizes a problem first faced by Euler for the triangle. Reconstructing a quadrangle from its central points is a geometric analogue of solving an algebraic equation of degree 4: here the diagonal triangle plays the role of a Lagrange resolvent and the determination of loci for the central points replaces the examination of discriminants for real roots.
Keywords.Quadrangle central point symmetric function
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.