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Transformation Groups

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 801–840 | Cite as

HALF-LIE GROUPS

  • T. MARQUISEmail author
  • K-H. NEEB
Article

Abstract

In this paper we study the Lie theoretic properties of a class of topological groups which carry a Banach manifold structure but whose multiplication is not smooth. If G and N are Banach–Lie groups and π : G → Aut(N) is a homomorphism defining a continuous action of G on N, then H := Nπ G is a Banach manifold with a topological group structure for which the left multiplication maps are smooth, but the right multiplication maps need not be. We show that these groups share surprisingly many properties with Banach–Lie groups: (a) for every regulated function ξ : [0, 1] → 𝔥 the initial value problem \( \overset{\cdot }{\gamma } \) (t) = γ(t)ξ(t), γ(0) = 1H, has a solution and the corresponding evolution map from curves in 𝔥 to curves in H is continuous; (b) every C1-curve γ with γ(0) = 1 and γ′(0) = x satisfies limn→∞ γ(t/n)n = exp(tx); (c) the Trotter formula holds for C1 one-parameter groups in H; (d) the subgroup N of elements with smooth G-orbit maps in N carries a natural Fréchet–Lie group structure for which the G-action is smooth; (e) the resulting Fréchet–Lie group H := NG is also regular in the sense of (a).

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department MathematikFAU Erlangen-NuernbergErlangenGermany

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