Advertisement

Aquatic Sciences

, 81:29 | Cite as

An invasive species, Carassius gibelio, alters the native fish community through trophic niche competition

  • Şükran Yalçın ÖzdilekEmail author
  • Nurbanu Partal
  • Roger I. Jones
Research Article

Abstract

Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analyses were used to determine isotopic niche width of the invasive fish species Carassius gibelio to help assess the niche overlap and potential impact of this species on the native fish fauna in the Karamenderes River, northwest Turkey. C. gibelio had the highest niche area of the coexisting species. The greatest overlap of isotopic niche was between C. gibelio and Mugil cephalus in the river mouth. The freshwater species displayed similar patterns when taking into consideration their relative abundance and isotopic overlap. While C. gibelio is likely to outcompete some species at some localities, the species was found co-occurring with others by maximum tolerable overlap degree and apparently utilised vacant niche space at some stations. Overall our results indicate that C. gibelio has extensive niche overlap with the native fish species making it a strong competitor, and because of its high abundance and high niche width this invasive species represents a serious threat to the native fish fauna, particularly in the river mouth.

Keywords

Feeding ecology Fish Stable isotopes Invasive 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project was supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) 111Y280 coded project. We thank fisherman Selahattin EROL for help sampling with the B.12.0BSÜ.0.01.00.00/140.03.03-460 and 65465693-605/20.08.2014 numbered legal permissions. We thank the project team for valuable support in the field studies. We also thank two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.

References

  1. Ayala JR, Rader RB, Belk MC, Schaalje GB (2007) Ground-truthing the impact of invasive species: spatio-temporal overlap between native least chub and introduced western mosquitofish. Biol Invas 9:857–869.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-006-9087-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baba A, Deniz O, Gülen O, Gülen O (2007) Effects of mining activities on water around the Çanakkale Plain, Turkey. In: Zaidi MK (ed) Wastewater reuse–risk assessment, decision-making and environmental security. Springer, Netherlands, pp 3–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bakaç İ (2018) Assessment of distribution and abundances of freshwater fish in Çanakkale, Turkey. Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, ÇanakkaleGoogle Scholar
  4. Bearhop S, Adams CE, Waldron S et al (2004) Determining trophic niche width: a novel approach using stable isotope analysis. J Anim Ecol 73:1007–1012.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-8790.2004.00861.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bland JM, Altman DG (1995) Multiple significance tests: the Bonferroni method. BMJ 310:170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blossey B, Nötzold R (1995) Evolution of increased competitive ability in invasive nonindigenous plants: a hypothesis author (s): Bernd Blossey and Rolf Notzold source. J Ecol 83:887–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bootsma HA, Hecky RE, Hesslein RH, Turner GF (1996) Food partitioning among Lake Malawi nearshore fishes as revealed by stable isotope analysis. 77:1286–1290Google Scholar
  8. Britton JR, Ruiz-Navarro A, Verreycken H, Amat-Trigo F (2018) Trophic consequences of introduced species: comparative impacts of increased interspecific versus intraspecific competitive interactions. Funct Ecol 32:486–495.  https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12978 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Carey MP, Wahl DH (2010) Native fish diversity alters the effects of an invasive species on food webs. Ecology 91:2965–2974.  https://doi.org/10.1890/09-1213.1 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Cody ML (1974) Optimization in ecology: natural selection produces optimal results unless constrained by history or by competing goals. Science 183:1156–1164.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.183.4130.1156 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Colwell RK, Futuyma DJ (1971) On the measurement of niche breadth and overlap. Ecology 52:567–576.  https://doi.org/10.2307/1934144 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Correia AM (2002) Niche breadth and trophic diversity: feeding behaviour of the red swamp cray sh (Procambarus clarkii) towards environmental availability of aquatic macroinvertebrates in a rice eld (Portugal). Acta Oecol 23:421–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Crivelli A (1995) Are fish introductions a threat to endemic freshwater fishes in the Northern Mediterranean region? Biol Conserv 72:311–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. DeNiro MJ, Epstein S (1978) Influence of diet on the distribution of carbon isotopes in animals. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 42:495–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Elton CS (1958) The ecology of invasions by animals and plants, first. Chapman and Hall, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fink P, Reichwaldt ES, Harrod C, Rossberg AG (2012) Determining trophic niche width: an experimental test of the stable isotope approach. Oikos 121:1985–1994.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2012.20185.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Fox BJ (1981) Niche parameters and species richness. Source Ecol 62:1415–1425Google Scholar
  18. Freyhof J, Kottelat M (2008) Gobio kovatschevi. In: IUCN Red List Threat. Species 2008 e.T135615A4162824. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T135615A4162824.en. Accessed 27 Apr 2018
  19. Gaygusuz Ö, Tarkan AS, Gaygusuz ÇG (2007) Changes in the fish community of the Ömerli Reservoir (Turkey) following the introduction of non-native gibel carp Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) and other human impacts. Aquat Invas 2:117–120.  https://doi.org/10.3391/ai.2007.2.2.6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gordon IJ, Illius AW (1989) Resource partitioning by ungulates on the Isle of Rhum. Oecologia 79:383–389.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00384318 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Hubbell SP (2001) The unified neutral theory of biodiversity and biogeography. Princeton University Press, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  22. Hutchinson GE (1957) Concluding Remarks. In: Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology. pp 415–427Google Scholar
  23. ICES (2016) ICES WGEEL report 2016 report of the working group on Eels WGEEL9. ICES, CordobaGoogle Scholar
  24. Jackson AL, Inger R, Parnell AC, Bearhop S (2011) Comparing isotopic niche widths among and within communities: SIBER—Stable Isotope Bayesian Ellipses in R. J Anim Ecol 80:595–602.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01806.x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Jacoby D, Gollock M (2014). Anguilla anguilla. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014:e.T60344A45833138.  https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T60344A45833138.en. Accessed 08 Feb 2019
  26. Karlson AML, Gorokhova E, Elmgren R (2015) Do deposit-feeders compete? Isotopic niche analysis of an invasion in a species-poor system. Sci Rep 5:1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep09715 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kiljunen M, Grey J, Sinisalo T et al (2006) A revised model for lipid-normalizing δ13C values from aquatic organisms, with implications for isotope mixing models. J Appl Ecol 43:1213–1222.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01224.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Layman CA, Arrington AD, Montana CG, Post DM (2007a) Can stable isotope ratios provide for community-wide measures of trophic structure ? 88:42–48.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jae.l200
  29. Layman CA, Quattrochi JP, Peyer CM, Allgeier JE (2007b) Niche width collapse in a resilient top predator following ecosystem fragmentation. Ecol Lett 10:937–944.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01087.x CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  30. Levins R (1968) Evolution in changing environments: some theoretical explorations. Princeton University Press, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  31. Mac Arthur RH, Pianka ER (1966) On optimal use of a patchy environment. Am Nat 100:603–609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. MacArthur RH (1968) The theory of the niche. In: Lewontin RC (ed) Population biology and evolution. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, pp 159–176Google Scholar
  33. MacArthur RH (1972) Patterns in the distribution of species. In: MacArthur RH (ed) Geographycal ecology, first. Princeton University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  34. Miranda NAF, Perissinotto R (2012) Stable isotope evidence for dietary overlap between alien and native gastropods in coastal lakes of Northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. PLoS One 7:e31897.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031897 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  35. Olsson K, Stenroth P, Nyström P, Graneli W (2009) Invasions and niche width: does niche width of an introduced crayfish differ from a native crayfish? Freshw Biol 54:1731–1740.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02221.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Özcan G (2007) Distribution of non-indigenous fish species, Prussian carp Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) in the Turkish freshwater systems. Pakistan J Biol Sci 10:4241–4245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Özuluğ M, Meriç N, Freyhof J (2004) The distribution of Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) in Thrace (Turkey). Zool Middle East 31:63–66.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09397140.2004.10638023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Parnell AC, Inger R, Bearhop S, Jackson AL (2010) Source partitioning using stable isotopes: coping with too much variation. PLoS One 5:1–5.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0009672 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Partal N, Yalçın Özdilek Ş (2017) Feeding ecology of invasive Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) in Karamenderes Stream, Turkey. Ege J Fish Aquat Sci 34:157–167.  https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.07 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pianka ER (1974) Niche overlap and diffuse competition. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 71:2141–2145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Pianka ER (2011) Evolutionary ecology, vol 486. Eric R. Pianka, Siskiyou County.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2257971 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Post DM, Layman CA, Arrington DA et al (2007) Getting to the fat of the matter: models, methods and assumptions for dealing with lipids in stable isotope analyses. Oecologia 152:179–189.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-006-0630-x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Robinson BW, Wilson DS (1994) Character release and displacement in fishes: a neglected literature. Am Nat 144:596–627.  https://doi.org/10.1086/285696 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rocha MP, Bini LM, Siqueira T et al (2018) Predicting occupancy and abundance by niche position, niche breadth and body size in stream organisms. Oecologia 186:205–216.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-017-3988-z CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Sabater F, Armengol J, Sabater S (1991) Physico-Chemical disturbances associated with spatial and temporal variation in a Mediterranean river. J N Am Benthol Soc 10:2–13.  https://doi.org/10.2307/1467759 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sakai AK, Allendorf FW, Holt JS et al (2001) The population biology of invasive specie source: annual review of ecology and systematics. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 32:305–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sarı HM, Balık S, Bilecenoğlu M, Türe G (1999) Recent changes in the fish fauna of Lake Bafa, Aegean region of Turkey. Zool Middle East 18:67–76.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09397140.1999.10637783 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Sarı HM, Balık S, Ustaoğlu R, İlhan A (2006) Distribution and ecology of freshwater ichthyofauna of the Biga Peninsula, North-western Anatolia, Turkey. Zool Turk J 30:35–45Google Scholar
  49. Schmidt SN, Olden JD, Solomon CT, Vander Zanden MJ (2007) Quantitative approaches to the analysis of stable isotope food web data. Ecology 88:2793–2802.  https://doi.org/10.1890/06-0937.1 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Seagle SW, Mccracken GF (1986) Species abundance, niche position, and niche breadth for five terrestrial animal assemblages. Ecology 67:816–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Shea K, Chesson P (2002) Community ecology theory as a framework for biological invasions. Trends Ecol Evol 17:170–176.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(02)02495-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Simon KS, Townsend CR, Biggs BJF et al (2004) Habitat-specific nitrogen dynamics in New Zealand streams containing native or invasive fish. Ecosystems 7:777–792.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-004-0024-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Specziár A, Rezsu ET (2009) Feeding guilds and food resource partitioning in a lake fish assemblage: an ontogenetic approach. J Fish Biol 75:247–267.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2009.02283.x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Svanbäck R, Persson L (2004) Individual diet specialization, niche width and population dynamics: implications for trophic polymorphisms. J Anim Ecol 73:973–982.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-8790.2004.00868.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Syväranta J, Jones RI (2008) Changes in feeding niche widths of perch and roach following biomanipulation, revealed by stable isotope analysis. Freshw Biol 53:425–434.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2007.01905.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Syväranta J, Lensu A, Marjomäki TJ et al (2013) An empirical evaluation of the utility of convex hull and standard ellipse areas for assessing population niche widths from stable isotope data an empirical evaluation of the utility of convex hull and standard ellipse areas for assessing population niche. PLoS One 8:e56094.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056094 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  57. Tarkan AS, Gaygusuz O, Gürsoy Gaygusuz C et al (2012) Circumstantial evidence of gibel carp, Carassius gibelio, reproductive competition exerted on native fish species in a mesotrophic reservoir. Fish Manag Ecol 19:167–177.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2400.2011.00839.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Tilman D (1999) The ecological consequences of changes in biodiversity: a search for general principles. Ecology 80:1455–1474.  https://doi.org/10.2307/176540 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Vander Zanden MJ, Casselman JM, Rasmussen JB (1999) Stable isotope evidence for the food web consequences of species invasions in lakes. Nature 401:464–467.  https://doi.org/10.1038/46762 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Yalçın Özdilek Ş (2017) Turkish Journal of Zoology Seasonal and ontogenetic diet shift of two sympatric cyprinid fish species from the temperate Karamenderes River, Çanakkale, Turkey. Turk J Zool 41:67–81.  https://doi.org/10.3906/zoo-1603-34 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Yalçın Özdilek Ş, Jones RI (2014) The diet composition and trophic position of introduced prussian Carp Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) and native fish species in a Turkish River. Turk J Fish Aquat Sci 14:769–776.  https://doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v14_3_19 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Yalçın Özdilek Ş (2008) Karamenderes’in Doğal ve istilaci baliklari. In: Akdemir A, Demircan O, Yılmaz S et al (eds) Ezine değerleri sempozyumu. Olay Matbaası, Çanakkale, pp 129–139Google Scholar
  63. Yuille MJ, Fisk AT, Stewart T, Johnson TB (2015) Evaluation of Lake Ontario salmonid niche space overlap using stable isotopes. J Great Lakes Res 41:934–940.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2015.05.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Science and Letters FacultyÇanakkale Onsekiz Mart UniversityÇanakkaleTurkey
  2. 2.Graduate School of Natural and Applied SciencesÇanakkale Onsekiz Mart UniversityÇanakkaleTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Biology and Environmental ScienceUniversity of JyvaskylaJyväskyläFinland

Personalised recommendations