Aquatic Sciences

, Volume 79, Issue 1, pp 159–169 | Cite as

Methane emission from aquatic ecosystems of Mexico City

  • Karla Martinez-Cruz
  • Rodrigo Gonzalez-Valencia
  • Armando Sepulveda-Jauregui
  • Fernando Plascencia-Hernandez
  • Yadira Belmonte-Izquierdo
  • Frederic Thalasso
Research Article

Abstract

Mexico City is a large city, populated by 8.8 million inhabitants. This population density, combined with poor wastewater management, results in aquatic ecosystems receiving a large volume of wastewater which may promote methane (CH4) emission. We measured water quality and CH4 emission from 11 aquatic ecosystems in Mexico City during 1 year, including reservoirs, rivers, lakes, canals and chinampas (system of floating garden on shallow lakes). The total CH4 emission from aquatic ecosystems was estimated as 3679 Mg CH4 year−1, which represents 3.5 % of the annual CH4 emission of Mexico City. The main contributors are chinampas (33 %), followed by lakes (27 %), reservoirs (19 %), rivers (12 %) and canals (9 %). Water quality indicators were positively correlated with CH4 emission, therefore a decrease in untreated wastewater discharge may result in a significant reduction of the greenhouse gas footprint of Mexico City, after a transitional period during which the organic content of the sediment would be degraded.

Keywords

CH4 fluxes Urban aquatic ecosystem Trophic state Water quality 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karla Martinez-Cruz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rodrigo Gonzalez-Valencia
    • 1
  • Armando Sepulveda-Jauregui
    • 2
  • Fernando Plascencia-Hernandez
    • 1
  • Yadira Belmonte-Izquierdo
    • 1
  • Frederic Thalasso
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Biotecnologia y BioingenieriaCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politecnico Nacional (Cinvestav-IPN)Mexico DFMexico
  2. 2.Experimental LimnologyLeibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland FisheriesStechlinGermany

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