Comparing and Simplifying Distinct-Cluster Phylogenetic Networks
Phylogenetic networks are rooted acyclic directed graphs in which the leaves are identified with members of a set X of species. The cluster of a vertex is the set of leaves that are descendants of the vertex. A network is “distinct-cluster” if distinct vertices have distinct clusters. This paper focuses on the set DC(X) of distinct-cluster networks whose leaves are identified with the members of X. For a fixed X, a metric on DC(X) is defined. There is a “cluster-preserving” simplification process by which vertices or certain arcs may be removed without changing the clusters of any remaining vertices. Many of the resulting networks may be uniquely determined without regard to the order of the simplifying operations.
Keywordsphylogeny network metric phylogenetic network cluster
Mathematics Subject Classification92D15 05C20 05C38
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