Annals of Combinatorics

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 343–352 | Cite as

Simpler Tests for Semisparse Subgroups



The main results of this article facilitate the search for quotients of regular abstract polytopes. A common approach in the study of abstract polytopes is to construct polytopes with specified facets and vertex figures. Any nonregular polytope \( \mathcal{Q} \) may be constructed as a quotient of a regular polytope \( \mathcal{P} \) by a (so-called) semisparse subgroup of its automorphism group W (which will be a string C-group). It becomes important, therefore, to be able to identify whether or not a given subgroup N of a string C-group W is semisparse. This article proves a number of properties of semisparse subgroups. These properties may be used to test for semisparseness in a way which is computationally more efficient than previous methods. The methods are used to find an example of a section regular polytope of type {6, 3, 3} whose facets are Klein bottles.

AMS Subject Classification.

51M20 52B15 05E25 


abstract polytope quotient polytope semisparse subgroup klein bottle 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering and Computer ScienceUniversity of Nottingham Malaysia CampusSelangorMalaysia

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