Annals of Combinatorics

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 391–408 | Cite as

A Framework for Representing Reticulate Evolution

  • Mihaela BaroniEmail author
  • Charles Semple
  • Mike Steel
Original paper


Acyclic directed graphs (ADGs) are increasingly being viewed as more appropriate for representing certain evolutionary relationships, particularly in biology, than rooted trees. In this paper, we develop a framework for the analysis of these graphs which we call hybrid phylogenies. We are particularly interested in the problem whereby one is given a set of phylogenetic trees and wishes to determine a hybrid phylogeny that ‘embeds’ each of these trees and which requires the smallest number of hybridisation events. We show that this quantity can be greatly reduced if additional species are involved, and investigate other combinatorial aspects of this and related questions.

AMS Subject Classification.

05C05 92D15 


directed acyclic graph reticulate evolution hybrid species subtree prune and regraft 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biomathematics Research Centre, Department of Mathematics and StatisticsUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand

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