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pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 153, Issue 2–4, pp 685–702 | Cite as

Estimation of the Intrinsic Absorption and Scattering Attenuation in Northeastern Venezuela (Southeastern Caribbean) Using Coda Waves

  • A. Ugalde
  • L. G. Pujades
  • J. A. Canas
  • A. Villaseñor

Abstract

—Northeastern Venezuela has been studied in terms of coda wave attenuation using seismograms from local earthquakes recorded by a temporary short-period seismic network. The studied area has been separated into two subregions in order to investigate lateral variations in the attenuation parameters. Coda-Q −1 (Q c −1) has been obtained using the single-scattering theory. The contribution of the intrinsic absorption (Q i −1) and scattering (Q s −1) to total attenuation (Q t −1) has been estimated by means of a multiple lapse time window method, based on the hypothesis of multiple isotropic scattering with uniform distribution of scatterers. Results show significant spatial variations of attenuation the estimates for intermediate depth events and for shallow events present major differences. This fact may be related to different tectonic characteristics that may be due to the presence of the Lesser Antilles subduction zone, because the intermediate depth seismic zone may be coincident with the southern continuation of the subducting slab under the arc.

Key words: Coda waves, coda-Q−1, attenuation, scattering, Venezuela, Caribbean. 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel, 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Ugalde
    • 1
  • L. G. Pujades
    • 2
  • J. A. Canas
    • 3
  • A. Villaseñor
    • 4
  1. 1.Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d’Enginyeria del Terreny i Cartogràfica. UPC-Jordi Girona Salgado, s/n, D-2, 08034-Barcelona, Spain.ES
  2. 2.Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d’Enginyeria del Terreny i Cartogràfica. UPC-Jordi Girona Salgado, s/n, D-2, 08034-Barcelona, Spain.ES
  3. 3.Instituto Geográfico Nacional, c/General Ibáñez de Ibero, 3, 28003-Madrid, Spain.ES
  4. 4.US Geological Survey, Box 25046, MS966, Denver, CO 80225, USA. Tel. 303-273-8590, Fax 303-273-8600, E-mail antonio@gldvisitor.cr.usgs.govUS

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