Meteorology and Climatology of the Mediterranean and Black Seas: Introduction
The topical issue includes 22 papers on different aspects of meteorology and climatology of the Mediterranean and Black Seas. The papers are grouped into three categories, based on scale analysis of processes, and whether the study is dominantly related to the atmospheric or oceanic phenomenon. The category “Storms, Extremes and Mesoscale Processes” encompasses seven papers, ranging from observation and modelling data analysis of extreme atmospheric (severe winds, hailstorms, waterspout, cyclones) and oceanic (meteotsunamis, surface waves) events, occurring locally, but being connected to wider patterns and processes. The six papers in category “Atmospheric Climate, Variability and Climate Change” contain analyses of long-term observations and climate projection outputs, but also assess atmosphere–ocean–land interactions and cycles, that are important in a climate perspective. The category “Ocean Climate and Variability” includes nine papers, which map ocean processes (sea level variability, circulation, sea surface temperatures, vertical thermal structure, water masses and dense water formation) on a climate timescale, both, in the Mediterranean and Black Sea sub-basins, or taking them as a whole.
KeywordsAtmospheric and oceanic observations numerical modelling extreme events mesoscale and regional processes climate variability Mediterranean Sea Black Sea
We would like to thank Dr. Renata Dmowska, the Editor-in-Chief for topical issues of Pure and Applied Geophysics, helping greatly while facilitating the editorial process. Special thanks go to Dr. Alexander B. Rabinovich, who managed to convince the organisers of the Joint Congress of the 6th International Conference on Meteorology and Climatology of the Mediterranean and Challenges in Meteorology 5 (to whom we also express our gratitude) held in Zagreb, Croatia, 22–24 February 2017, to apply for the topical issue in Pure and Applied Geophysics. We also thank Ms. Priyanka Ganesh, Ms. Kirthana Hariharan and Mr. Sathish Srinivasan at the Journals Editorial Office of Springer for their timely editorial assistance. We thank the authors, who contributed papers to this topical volume. Finally, we would like to especially thank all of the reviewers, who shared their time, effort and expertise to maintain the scientific rigor of the papers.
- Grbec, B., Matić, F., Beg Paklar, G., Morović, M., Popović, R., & Vilibić, I. (2018). Long-term trends, variability and extremes of in situ sea surface temperature measured along the eastern Adriatic coast and its relationship to hemispheric processes. Pure and Applied Geophysics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-018-1793-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Malanotte-Rizzoli, P., Artale, V., Borzelli Eusebi, G. L., Brenner, S., Crise, A., Gačić, M., et al. (2014). Physical forcing and physical/biochemical variability of the Mediterranean Sea: A review of unresolved issues and directions for future research. Ocean Science, 10, 281–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Mathbout, S., Lopez-Bustins, J. A., Royé, D., Martin-Vide, J., Bech, J., & Rodrigo, F. S. (2018). Observed changes in daily precipitation extremes at annual time-scale over the Eastern Mediterranean during 1961–2012. Pure and Applied Geophysics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-017-1695-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ulbrich, U., Lionello, P., Belušić, D., Jacobeit, J., Knippertz, P., Kuglitsch, F. G., et al. (2012). Climate of the Mediterranean: Synoptic patterns, temperature, precipitation, winds, and their extremes. In P. Lionello (Ed.), Climate of the Mediterranean region: From the past to the future (pp. 301–346). Oxford: Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-416042-2.00005-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar