Pure and Applied Geophysics

, Volume 173, Issue 12, pp 4101–4116 | Cite as

Source Characterization and Tsunami Modeling of Submarine Landslides Along the Yucatán Shelf/Campeche Escarpment, Southern Gulf of Mexico

  • Jason D. Chaytor
  • Eric L. Geist
  • Charles K. Paull
  • David W. Caress
  • Roberto Gwiazda
  • Jaime Urrutia Fucugauchi
  • Mario Rebolledo Vieyra
Article

Abstract

Submarine landslides occurring along the margins of the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) represent a low-likelihood, but potentially damaging source of tsunamis. New multibeam bathymetry coverage reveals that mass wasting is pervasive along the Yucatán Shelf edge with several large composite landslides possibly removing as much as 70 km3 of the Cenozoic sedimentary section in a single event. Using GIS-based analysis, the dimensions of six landslides from the central and northern sections of the Yucatán Shelf/Campeche Escarpment were determined and used as input for preliminary tsunami generation and propagation models. Tsunami modeling is performed to compare the propagation characteristics and distribution of maximum amplitudes throughout the GOM among the different landslide scenarios. Various factors such as landslide geometry, location along the Yucatán Shelf/Campeche Escarpment, and refraction during propagation result in significant variations in the affected part of the Mexican and US Gulf Coasts. In all cases, however, tsunami amplitudes are greatest along the northern Yucatán Peninsula.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing (outside the USA) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason D. Chaytor
    • 1
  • Eric L. Geist
    • 2
  • Charles K. Paull
    • 3
  • David W. Caress
    • 3
  • Roberto Gwiazda
    • 3
  • Jaime Urrutia Fucugauchi
    • 4
  • Mario Rebolledo Vieyra
    • 5
  1. 1.U.S. Geological SurveyWoods HoleUSA
  2. 2.U.S. Geological SurveyMenlo ParkUSA
  3. 3.Monterey Bay Aquarium Research InstituteMoss LandingUSA
  4. 4.Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMexico CityMexico
  5. 5.Centro de Investigación Científica de YucatánMéridaMexico

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