Pure and Applied Geophysics

, Volume 173, Issue 2, pp 623–636 | Cite as

Application of Mixture of Gaussian Clustering on Joint Facies Interpretation of Seismic and Magnetotelluric Sections

  • Mohammad Ali Shahrabi
  • Hosein Hashemi
  • Mohammad Kazem Hafizi


Seismic and magnetotelluric (MT) methods are the most applicable geophysical methods in exploration of hydrocarbon resources. In this paper, mixture of Gaussian clustering is used to combine seismic and MT images under the scheme of Expectation/Maximization (EM) algorithm. Pre-Stack Depth Migration (PSDM) velocity, Root Mean Square (RMS) velocity and vertical gradient of RMS velocity of seismic and resistivity model of MT along 19.3 km MUN-21 profile in Munir Block that has been located in Southwest of Iran in Dezful embayment over the Seh-Qanat anticline are applied. The anticline is the most important oil trap of this area. The Expectation/Maximization (EM) method that has been applied includes: (1) creation of data vectors from the seismic and MT images using image processing techniques, (2) normalizing and mapping using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) procedure (3) unsupervised learning of dataset matrix, (4) setting the matrix in Expectation/Maximization (EM) iteration algorithm (5) remapping to physical space. The final model consists fof six classes which could be given to eight formations that belong to Eocene to Neocomian geological age. Pre-Stack Depth Migration (PSDM) velocity model obtained from seismic study on Seh-Qanat anticline only detected 2 horizons of formations, Asmari and Sarvak Formations; however, the current methodology introduces subdivision anticline into six classes by matching it to the log information of Seh-Qanat Deep-1 (SQD-1) borehole where it was excavated over the anticline with total depth of 2876 m.


Mixture of Gaussian Expectation/Maximization clustering seismic magnetotelluric joint interpretation 



Particular thanks to NIOC exploration directorate that supported this study by sharing the seismic and MT information. We wish to thank Gholam Reza Peyrovian and Ahmad Reza Dehzad for their support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Basel 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Ali Shahrabi
    • 1
  • Hosein Hashemi
    • 1
  • Mohammad Kazem Hafizi
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeophysicsUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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